The Secretary – General’s message on Africa Day

In March this year, Africa’s leaders launched the African Continental Free Trade Area.  Representing one of the largest markets in the world, with 1.2 billion consumers, the Free Trade Area can boost regional integration, drive economic growth, generate jobs for young Africans, alleviate poverty and lead to more stable and peaceful societies.

This is just the latest example of achievement under the umbrella of the African Union – formerly the Organisation of African Unity – which marks its 55th anniversary this year.  Across Africa, entrepreneurship is up, access to education has increased and child mortality has declined.  More women are serving in parliaments, and economic growth in several countries is greater than in other parts of the world.

Africa is increasingly driving its own future.  The guiding vision for Africa’s development is the African Union’s Agenda 2063.  Fully complementary to the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Agenda 2063 provides a foundation for resilience and social and economic progress for the entire continent.  The United Nations is fully committed to supporting Africa’s efforts.  To that end, the two organizations have in the past year signed frameworks on peace and security and on the coherent implementation of Agenda 2063 and the 2030 Agenda.

Peace and sustainable development are two sides of the same coin – one cannot be achieved without the other.  To promote peace, the United Nations will continue to support prevention.  We must collectively strengthen our ability to detect and defuse crises before they escalate and sharpen our tools for addressing their causes.  The United Nations will also work to support the African Union’s commitment to “Silence the Guns” by 2020 and promote the indispensable role of women and youth in conflict prevention and peace building.

On this Africa Day, I urge all nations to support a peaceful, prosperous Africa.  What is good for Africa is good for the world.

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind.

Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

 

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future.

The Ocean Conference aimed to raise the profile of the many threats to the world’s oceans that are affecting people’s lives, ranging from land-based pollution to coral bleaching, overfishing, marine habitat degradation, ocean acidification and the impacts of climate change, as well as the importance of healthy oceans to sustainable  development and the achievement of the SDGs.
Facts and Figures
  • Oceans cover three quarters of the Earth’s surface, contain 97 per cent of the Earth’s water, and represent 99 per cent of the living space on the planet by volume
  • Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods
  • Globally, the market value of marine and coastal resources and industries is estimated at $3 trillion per year or about 5 per cent of global GDP
  • Oceans contain nearly 200,000 identified species, but actual numbers may lie in the millions
  • Oceans absorb about 30 per cent of carbon dioxide produced by humans, buffering the impacts of global warming
  • Oceans serve as the world’s largest source of protein, with more than 3 billion people depending on the oceans as their primary source of protein
  • Marine fisheries directly or indirectly employ over 200 million people
  • Subsidies for fishing are contributing to the rapid depletion of many fish species and are preventing efforts to save and restore global fisheries and related jobs, causing ocean fisheries to generate US$ 50 billion less per year than they could
  • As much as 40 per cent of the world oceans are heavily affected by human activities, including pollution, depleted fisheries, and loss of coastal habitats

Targets

  • By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
  • By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
  • Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
  • By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
  • By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
  • By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
  • By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
  • Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
  • Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
  • Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want.

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Colloquium on the 2018 World Press Freedom Day in Cameroon

“..the emergence of online media is advantageous but constitutes a danger when ethical norms are neglected…with the internet, anyone can become a journalist because it is open to all, with little or no control” was echoed by Mr. Ngankak Kizito, Director of Private Media Development at the Ministry of Communication (MINCOM), representing his Minister at the 2018 World Press Freedom Day commemorated in Cameroon through a colloquium organized by UNESCO, UNIC Yaounde and the Advanced school of Mass Communication (ASMAC) Yaounde. Event which held on “Keeping Power in Check: Media, Justice And The Rule Law” took place at ASMAC on 3 May 2018.

During the opening ceremony, Mr. Mputu Hilaire read the message of the Director General of UNESCO, followed by a video projection of the UNSG’s message by UNIC. In the message, Mr. Guterres called on “…governments to strengthen press freedom, and to protect journalist”.

 

The crux of the observance was the panel talk with the over 200 Journalism students and media professionals on the following sub-themes:

  • ·Press freedom, access to information and elections·
  • A judicial system in favor of free and assured journalism;·
  • Freedom of expression online: improve self-regulation.

UNIC’s NIO Jean Njita emphasized that the commemoration fell within the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, mostly Goal 16:  whereby “people everywhere need to be free of fear from all forms of violence and feel safe as they go about their lives whatever their ethnicity, faith or sexual orientation”. Mr Njita further stated that the 2018 WPFD will offer a renewed opportunity to address critical issues affecting online press freedom and further promote SDG16 (target16.10) on public access to information and protection of fundamental freedoms.

The Director of the Advanced School of Mass Communication (ASMAC) Yaounde; Professor Laurent-Charles Boyomo Assala harped that journalist are first to understand and follow the ethical deontology of the profession and that for press freedom to be effective, a clear sociological distinction must be made between a person of the press (professional) and the individual. To him, press freedom applies only to those with a professional qualification as journalist and not the individual. Professor Boyomo thus called on journalists to be conscious of their ethical limits, as defined by the law, when reporting, for information must be treated within the social norms of the profession without distorting facts.

Professor Claude-Bernard Assira, Senior Lecturer at the Catholic University of Central Africa disclosed that; a journalist is anyone who, based on his intellectual abilities, trained or untrained can collect and treat information destined for social communication, according to article 46 of the 1990 freedom law in Cameroon. To him, this law gives room for just anyone to get into the profession, as he further state that there is no press freedom in Cameroon, pointing out some cases of journalist who were wrongly prosecuted. He alarmed at the fact that “the judiciary system in Cameroon has been politicized, government authorities who in most cases are the complainant, use their positions in power to influence judges to pass judgment in their favor”. He thus called for an amendment of the laws, with new code of ethics elaborated and adopted for the journalism profession, as he once more reiterated the need for genuine freedom and security of journalist, as well as calling for a responsible journalism to avoid judicial issues.

Dr Baba Wame; a Cyber Journalist and lecturer in ASMAC reiterated that the internet has little or no control over contents published by individuals. He added that online information is mostly produced by the authors themselves which may not necessarily be credible. Dr Baba Wame said the unreliable and unsecured publication of social media content led to 3 historical events in the month of April 2018 amongst which was the summon of Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerburg by the American Senate for his failure to protect users’ data. He thus added that only a proper application of internet self-regulatory measures can give credibility and security to social media content and users, this by setting up of online ethical codes by social media communities.

During the question and answer session, questions asked with satisfactory answers from panelists included:

  •  It is possible for a journalist to faithfully carry out his professional duties given our political and economic context?
  •  Can we talk of press freedom in a profession where anyone can get into without training?
  •  Will the issue of auto regulation not hinder press freedom online?

Application for ECOSOC consultative status for the 2019 NGO Committee

Last Month – To apply for ECOSOC consultative status in order to be considered by the 2019 NGO Committee (Deadline: 1 June 2018 – Late submissions will not be accepted)

1 June 2018 is the last day for Non-Governmental Organizations to apply for consultative status with the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), in order to have an opportunity to take part in UN deliberations. ECOSOC consultative status is governed by ECOSOC resolution 1996/31, which outlines the eligibility requirements for consultative status, rights and obligations of NGOs in consultative status, procedures for the withdrawal or suspension of consultative status, the role and functions of the ECOSOC Committee on NGOs, and the responsibilities of the UN Secretariat in supporting the consultative relationship. Consultative status is granted by ECOSOC upon recommendation of the ECOSOC Committee on NGOs, which is composed by Member States.

Welcome Message from Mr. Marc-André Dorel, Acting Chief of the NGO Branch

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q8dhZXGb5Fg       English                                                      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P3KKmdiHpDQ     French

 

NEW: Webinar on applying for ECOSOC consultative status click here.

Who is eligible for applying? 

Consultative relationships may be established with international, regional, sub regional and national non-governmental, non-profit public or voluntary organizations. NGOs affiliated to an international organization already in status may be admitted provided that they can demonstrate that their programme of work has direct relevance to the aims and purposes of the United Nations.

To be eligible for consultative status, an NGO must have been in existence (officially registered with the appropriate government authorities as an NGO/non-profit) for at least two years, must have an established headquarters, a democratically adopted constitution, authority to speak for its members, a representative structure, appropriate mechanisms of accountability and democratic and transparent decision-making processes. The basic resources of the organization must be derived in the main part from contributions of the national affiliates or other components or from individual members.

What are the benefits? 

NGOs that are accredited with ECOSOC can participate in a number of events, including, but not limited to regular sessions of ECOSOC, its functional commissions and its other subsidiary bodies. NGOs may:

  • Attend official meetings;
  • Submit written statements prior to sessions;
  • Make oral statements;
  • Meet official government delegations and other NGO representatives;
  • Organize and attend parallel events that take place during the session;
  • Participate in debates, interactive dialogues, panel discussions and informal meetings.

Organizations established by governments or intergovernmental agreements are not considered NGOs.

For more information about ECOSOC Consultative status click here.

Objectif 13 : Prendre d’urgence des mesures pour lutter contre les changements climatiques et leurs répercussions

Les émissions de gaz à effet de serre engendrées par les activités humaines n’ont jamais été aussi élevées. Entraîné par la croissance économique et l’accroissement de la population, le changement climatique a des effets très étendus sur les systèmes humains et naturels dans tous les pays et sur tous les continents.

Avec le réchauffement de l’atmosphère et des océans, les quantités de neige et de glace ont diminué et le niveau des mers s’est élevé. La température à la surface de la Terre devrait augmenter au cours du XXIe siècle, et si des mesures ne sont pas prises, cette augmentation pourrait dépasser trois degrés Celsius pendant ce siècle.

Du fait des effets du changement climatique sur le développement économique, les ressources naturelles et la pauvreté, la lutte contre celui-ci est devenue un élément indissociable de la réalisation du développement durable. En trouvant des solutions abordables et modulables face au changement climatique, les progrès accomplis au cours des dernières décennies ne seront pas sapés par ce phénomène et les pays auront des économies saines et résilientes.

Faits et Chiffres

  • Entre 1880 et 2012, la température moyenne dans le monde a augmenté de 0,85 degré Celsius. Pour mettre cela en perspective, lorsque la température augmente d’un degré, la production de céréales diminue d’environ 5 %. Le maïs, le blé et les autres récoltes principales ont enregistré une diminution marquée de la production au niveau mondial s’élevant à 40 millions de tonnes par an entre 1981 et 2002 à cause du réchauffement climatique
  • Les océans se sont réchauffés, les quantités de neige et de glace ont diminué et le niveau des mers s’est élevé. Entre 1901 et 2010, le niveau moyen global de la mer a augmenté de 19 cm car les océans se sont élargis à cause du réchauffement et la glace a fondu. La banquise arctique s’est rétractée durant chaque décennie depuis 1979, la perte de banquise atteignant 1,07 millions de km² par décennie
  • Vu les concentrations actuelles et les émissions continuelles de gaz à effet de serre, tous les scénarios sauf un montrent qu’à la fin du siècle, l’augmentation de la température globale dépassera 1,5 degré Celsius par rapport à la période allant de 1850 à 1900. Le niveau moyen des mers devrait augmenter de 24 à 30 cm d’ici à 2065 et de 40 à 63 cm d’ici à 2100. La plupart des effets du changement climatique persisteront pendant de nombreux siècles même si l’on met fin aux émissions
  • Les émissions globales de dioxyde de carbone (CO2) ont augmenté de près de 50 % depuis 1990
  • Les émissions ont augmenté plus rapidement entre 2000 et 2010 que durant chacune des trois décennies précédentes
  • Il est encore possible, en utilisant tout un arsenal de mesures technologiques et de changements de comportement, de limiter à deux degrés Celsius l’augmentation de la température moyenne globale comparée aux niveaux préindustriels
  • Les principaux changements institutionnels et technologiques offriront de meilleures chances que jamais de limiter ainsi le réchauffement de la planète.

Cibles

13.1   Renforcer, dans tous les pays, la résilience et les capacités d’adaptation face aux aléas climatiques et aux catastrophes naturelles liées au climat

13.2   Incorporer des mesures relatives aux changements climatiques dans les politiques, les stratégies et la planification nationales

13.3   Améliorer l’éducation, la sensibilisation et les capacités individuelles et institutionnelles en ce qui concerne l’adaptation aux changements climatiques, l’atténuation de leurs effets et la réduction de leur impact et les systèmes d’alerte rapide

13.a   Mettre en œuvre l’engagement que les pays développés parties à la Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques ont pris de mobiliser ensemble auprès de multiples sources 100 milliards de dollars des États-Unis par an d’ici à 2020 pour répondre aux besoins des pays en développement en ce qui concerne les mesures concrètes d’atténuation et la transparence de leur mise en œuvre et rendre le Fonds vert pour le climat pleinement opérationnel en le dotant dans les plus brefs délais des moyens financiers nécessaires

13.b   Promouvoir des mécanismes de renforcement des capacités afin que les pays les moins avancés et les petits États insulaires en développement se dotent de moyens efficaces de planification et de gestion pour faire face aux changements climatiques, l’accent étant mis notamment sur les femmes, les jeunes, la population locale et les groupes marginalisés.

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High-Level Meeting on Peacebuilding and Sustaining Peace, 24 – 25 April 2018

The President of the 72nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly, H.E. Mr. Miroslav Lajčák identified peacebuilding and sustaining peace as a key priority. Therefore he will convene a High-Level Meeting on Peacebuilding and Sustaining Peace on 24 and 25 April 2018 to assess efforts undertaken and opportunities to strengthen the United Nations’ work on peacebuilding and sustaining peace.

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty.

Sustainable consumption and production  aims at “doing more and better with less,” increasing net welfare gains from economic activities by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole lifecycle, while increasing quality of life. It involves different stakeholders, including business, consumers, policy makers, researchers, scientists, retailers, media, and development cooperation agencies, among others.
It also requires a systemic approach and cooperation among actors operating in the supply chain, from producer to final consumer. It involves engaging consumers through awareness-raising and education on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing consumers with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others.
Facts and Figures
  • Each year, an estimated one third of all food produced – equivalent to 1.3 billion tonnes worth around $1 trillion – ends up rotting in the bins of consumers and retailers, or spoiling due to poor transportation and harvesting practices
  • If people worldwide switched to energy efficient lightbulbs the world would save US$120 billion annually
  • Should the global population reach 9.6 billion by 2050, the equivalent of almost three planets could be required to provide the natural resources needed to sustain current lifestyles

Water

  • Less than 3 per cent of the world’s water is fresh (drinkable), of which 2.5 per cent is frozen in the Antarctica, Arctic and glaciers. Humanity must therefore rely on 0.5 per cent for all of man’s ecosystem’s and fresh water needs.
  • Man is polluting water faster than nature can recycle and purify water in rivers and lakes.
  • More than 1 billion people still do not have access to fresh water.
  • Excessive use of water contributes to the global water stress.
  • Water is free from nature but the infrastructure needed to deliver it is expensive.

Energy

  • Despite technological advances that have promoted energy efficiency gains, energy use in OECD countries will continue to grow another 35 per cent by 2020. Commercial and residential energy use is the second most rapidly growing area of global energy use after transport.
  • In 2002 the motor vehicle stock in OECD countries was 550 million vehicles (75 per cent of which were personal cars). A 32 per cent increase in vehicle ownership is expected by 2020. At the same time, motor vehicle kilometres are projected to increase by 40 per cent and global air travel is projected to triple in the same period.
  • Households consume 29 per cent of global energy and consequently contribute to 21 per cent of resultant CO2 emissions.
  • One-fifth of the world’s final energy consumption in 2013 was from renewables.

Food

  • While substantial environmental impacts from food occur in the production phase (agriculture, food processing), households influence these impacts through their dietary choices and habits. This consequently affects the environment through food-related energy consumption and waste generation.
  • 1.3 billion tonnes of food is wasted every year while almost 1 billion people go undernourished and another 1 billion hungry.
  • Overconsumption of food is detrimental to our health and the environment.
  • 2 billion people globally are overweight or obese.
  • Land degradation, declining soil fertility, unsustainable water use, overfishing and marine environment degradation are all lessening the ability of the natural resource base to supply food.
  • The food sector accounts for around 30 per cent of the world’s total energy consumption and accounts for around 22 per cent of total Greenhouse Gas emissions.

March 12, 2013 – Nairobi, Kenya – A worker prepares to place freshly cut French beans in a package. The beans have been cut to the specifications of supermarkets in the European Union. (Credit Image: © Ric Francis/ZUMAPRESS.com)

Targets

  • Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries
  • By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
  • By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses
  • By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
  • By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse
  • Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle
  • Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities
  • By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature
  • Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production
  • Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
  • Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities.

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2018 Reham Al-Farra (RAF) Memorial Journalism Fellowship (7 May, 2018)

DPI is accepting applications for the 2018 Reham Al-Farra (RAF) Memorial Journalism Fellowship, which will be held at UN Headquarters in New York from 16 September to 6 October 2018.

The Fellowship will bring a select group of young journalists from around the world to United Nations Headquarters to cover the General Assembly, interview senior officials, and attend special briefings and workshops.

The Fellowship is open to full-time journalists between the ages of 22 and 35 from countries with developing and transitioning economies.

A full list of eligible countries is available at the following URL https://outreach.un.org/raf/eligibility.

The Fellowship covers the cost of roundtrip air travel to New York and provides a daily subsistence allowance.

Applications must be submitted online at https://outreach.un.org/raf/content/reham-al-farra-memorial-journalism-fellowship-2018-application.

 

Objectif 11: Villes et Communautés Durables

Les villes sont des plaques tournantes pour les idées, le commerce, la culture, la science, de la productivité, le développement social et bien plus encore. Considérées sous leur meilleur jour, les villes ont permis à leurs habitants de progresser sur les plans social et économique.

Cependant, de nombreux problèmes se posent pour faire en sorte que les villes continuent de générer des emplois et de la prospérité, sans grever les sols et les ressources naturelles. Les problèmes des villes les plus courants incluent le surpeuplement, le manque de fonds pour faire fonctionner les services de base, l’insuffisance de logements adéquats et des infrastructures dégradées.

Ces difficultés peuvent être surmontées en permettant aux villes de continuer à prospérer et à se développer, tout en optimisant l’utilisation des ressources et en réduisant la pollution et la pauvreté. L’avenir que nous voulons comprend des villes qui offrent à tous de grandes possibilités, grâce à un accès facile aux services de base, à l’énergie, au logement, aux transports et bien plus encore.

Faits et Chiffres

  • La moitié de l’humanité – 3,5 milliards de personnes – vit aujourd’hui dans des villes
  • En 2030, environ 60 % de la population mondiale vivra en zone urbaine
  • 95 % de la croissance de la population urbaine dans le monde sera le fait des pays en développement
  • 828 millions de personnes dans le monde vivent actuellement dans des taudis et ce nombre continue d’augmenter
  • Les villes n’occupent que 3 % de la masse continentale mondiale, mais elles produisent
    plus de 70 % de ses émissions de dioxyde de carbone et consomment entre 60 à 80% de l’énergie mondiale
  • L’urbanisation rapide exerce une pression sur les réserves d’eau douce, les systèmes d’approvisionnement en eau et d’évacuation des déchets, le cadre de vie et la santé publique
  • Mais la forte densité des villes peut apporter des gains d’efficacité en matière d’innovation technologique tout en réduisant la consommation d’énergie et de ressources.

Cibles

11.1   D’ici à 2030, assurer l’accès de tous à un logement et des services de base adéquats et sûrs, à un coût abordable, et assainir les quartiers de taudis

11.2   D’ici à 2030, assurer l’accès de tous à des systèmes de transport sûrs, accessibles et viables, à un coût abordable, en améliorant la sécurité routière, notamment en développant les transports publics, une attention particulière devant être accordée aux besoins des personnes en situation vulnérable, des femmes, des enfants, des personnes handicapées et des personnes âgées

11.3   D’ici à 2030, renforcer l’urbanisation durable pour tous et les capacités de planification et de gestion participatives, intégrées et durables des établissements humains dans tous les pays

11.4   Renforcer les efforts de protection et de préservation du patrimoine culturel et naturel mondial

11.5   D’ici à 2030, réduire considérablement le nombre de personnes tuées et le nombre de personnes touchées par les catastrophes, y compris celles d’origine hydrique, et réduire considérablement le montant des pertes économiques qui sont dues directement à ces catastrophes exprimé en proportion du produit intérieur brut mondial, l’accent étant mis sur la protection des pauvres et des personnes en situation vulnérable

11.6   D’ici à 2030, réduire l’impact environnemental négatif des villes par habitant, y compris en accordant une attention particulière à la qualité de l’air et à la gestion, notamment municipale, des déchets

11.7   D’ici à 2030, assurer l’accès de tous, en particulier des femmes et des enfants, des personnes âgées et des personnes handicapées, à des espaces verts et des espaces publics sûrs

11.a   Favoriser l’établissement de liens économiques, sociaux et environnementaux positifs entre zones urbaines, périurbaines et rurales en renforçant la planification du développement à l’échelle nationale et régionale

11.b   D’ici à 2020, accroître considérablement le nombre de villes et d’établissements humains qui adoptent et mettent en œuvre des politiques et plans d’action intégrés en faveur de l’insertion de tous, de l’utilisation rationnelle des ressources, de l’adaptation aux effets des changements climatiques et de leur atténuation et de la résilience face aux catastrophes, et élaborer et mettre en œuvre, conformément au Cadre de Sendai pour la réduction des risques de catastrophe (2015-2030), une gestion globale des risques de catastrophe à tous les niveaux

11.c   Aider les pays les moins avancés, y compris par une assistance financière et technique, à construire des bâtiments durables et résilients en utilisant des matériaux locaux.

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