2018 Reham Al-Farra (RAF) Memorial Journalism Fellowship (7 May, 2018)

DPI is accepting applications for the 2018 Reham Al-Farra (RAF) Memorial Journalism Fellowship, which will be held at UN Headquarters in New York from 16 September to 6 October 2018.

The Fellowship will bring a select group of young journalists from around the world to United Nations Headquarters to cover the General Assembly, interview senior officials, and attend special briefings and workshops.

The Fellowship is open to full-time journalists between the ages of 22 and 35 from countries with developing and transitioning economies.

A full list of eligible countries is available at the following URL https://outreach.un.org/raf/eligibility.

The Fellowship covers the cost of roundtrip air travel to New York and provides a daily subsistence allowance.

Applications must be submitted online at https://outreach.un.org/raf/content/reham-al-farra-memorial-journalism-fellowship-2018-application.

 

Objectif 11: Villes et Communautés Durables

Les villes sont des plaques tournantes pour les idées, le commerce, la culture, la science, de la productivité, le développement social et bien plus encore. Considérées sous leur meilleur jour, les villes ont permis à leurs habitants de progresser sur les plans social et économique.

Cependant, de nombreux problèmes se posent pour faire en sorte que les villes continuent de générer des emplois et de la prospérité, sans grever les sols et les ressources naturelles. Les problèmes des villes les plus courants incluent le surpeuplement, le manque de fonds pour faire fonctionner les services de base, l’insuffisance de logements adéquats et des infrastructures dégradées.

Ces difficultés peuvent être surmontées en permettant aux villes de continuer à prospérer et à se développer, tout en optimisant l’utilisation des ressources et en réduisant la pollution et la pauvreté. L’avenir que nous voulons comprend des villes qui offrent à tous de grandes possibilités, grâce à un accès facile aux services de base, à l’énergie, au logement, aux transports et bien plus encore.

Faits et Chiffres

  • La moitié de l’humanité – 3,5 milliards de personnes – vit aujourd’hui dans des villes
  • En 2030, environ 60 % de la population mondiale vivra en zone urbaine
  • 95 % de la croissance de la population urbaine dans le monde sera le fait des pays en développement
  • 828 millions de personnes dans le monde vivent actuellement dans des taudis et ce nombre continue d’augmenter
  • Les villes n’occupent que 3 % de la masse continentale mondiale, mais elles produisent
    plus de 70 % de ses émissions de dioxyde de carbone et consomment entre 60 à 80% de l’énergie mondiale
  • L’urbanisation rapide exerce une pression sur les réserves d’eau douce, les systèmes d’approvisionnement en eau et d’évacuation des déchets, le cadre de vie et la santé publique
  • Mais la forte densité des villes peut apporter des gains d’efficacité en matière d’innovation technologique tout en réduisant la consommation d’énergie et de ressources.

Cibles

11.1   D’ici à 2030, assurer l’accès de tous à un logement et des services de base adéquats et sûrs, à un coût abordable, et assainir les quartiers de taudis

11.2   D’ici à 2030, assurer l’accès de tous à des systèmes de transport sûrs, accessibles et viables, à un coût abordable, en améliorant la sécurité routière, notamment en développant les transports publics, une attention particulière devant être accordée aux besoins des personnes en situation vulnérable, des femmes, des enfants, des personnes handicapées et des personnes âgées

11.3   D’ici à 2030, renforcer l’urbanisation durable pour tous et les capacités de planification et de gestion participatives, intégrées et durables des établissements humains dans tous les pays

11.4   Renforcer les efforts de protection et de préservation du patrimoine culturel et naturel mondial

11.5   D’ici à 2030, réduire considérablement le nombre de personnes tuées et le nombre de personnes touchées par les catastrophes, y compris celles d’origine hydrique, et réduire considérablement le montant des pertes économiques qui sont dues directement à ces catastrophes exprimé en proportion du produit intérieur brut mondial, l’accent étant mis sur la protection des pauvres et des personnes en situation vulnérable

11.6   D’ici à 2030, réduire l’impact environnemental négatif des villes par habitant, y compris en accordant une attention particulière à la qualité de l’air et à la gestion, notamment municipale, des déchets

11.7   D’ici à 2030, assurer l’accès de tous, en particulier des femmes et des enfants, des personnes âgées et des personnes handicapées, à des espaces verts et des espaces publics sûrs

11.a   Favoriser l’établissement de liens économiques, sociaux et environnementaux positifs entre zones urbaines, périurbaines et rurales en renforçant la planification du développement à l’échelle nationale et régionale

11.b   D’ici à 2020, accroître considérablement le nombre de villes et d’établissements humains qui adoptent et mettent en œuvre des politiques et plans d’action intégrés en faveur de l’insertion de tous, de l’utilisation rationnelle des ressources, de l’adaptation aux effets des changements climatiques et de leur atténuation et de la résilience face aux catastrophes, et élaborer et mettre en œuvre, conformément au Cadre de Sendai pour la réduction des risques de catastrophe (2015-2030), une gestion globale des risques de catastrophe à tous les niveaux

11.c   Aider les pays les moins avancés, y compris par une assistance financière et technique, à construire des bâtiments durables et résilients en utilisant des matériaux locaux.

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Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty.  The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction.  However, inequality still persists and large disparities remain in access to health and education services and other assets.

Additionally, while income inequality between countries may have been reduced, inequality within countries has risen. There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations.

Facts and Figures

  • On average—and taking into account population size—income inequality increased by 11 per cent in developing countries between 1990 and 2010
  • A significant majority of households in developing countries—more than 75 per cent of the population—are living today in societies where income is more unequally distributed than it was in the 1990s
  • Evidence shows that, beyond a certain threshold, inequality harms growth and poverty reduction, the quality of relations in the public and political spheres and individuals’ sense of fulfilment and self-worth
  • There is nothing inevitable about growing income inequality; several countries have managed to contain or reduce income inequality while achieving strong growth performance
  • Income inequality cannot be effectively tackled unless the underlying inequality of opportunities is addressed
  • In a global survey conducted by UN Development Programme, policy makers from around the world acknowledged that inequality in their countries is generally high and potentially a threat to long-term social and economic development
  • Evidence from developing countries shows that children in the poorest 20 per cent of the populations are still up to three times more likely to die before their fifth birthday than children in the richest quintiles
  • Social protection has been significantly extended globally, yet persons with disabilities are up to five times more likely than average to incur catastrophic health expenditures
  • Despite overall declines in maternal mortality in the majority of developing countries, women in rural areas are still up to three times more likely to die while giving birth than women living in urban centres.

Targets

  • By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
  • By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
  • Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
  • Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
  • Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations
  • Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions
  • Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies
  • Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements
  • Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes
  • By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent.

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Déclaration attribuable au porte-parole du Secrétaire général sur le meurtre d’un Casque bleu de la MINUSCA en République centrafricaine (Scroll down for English)

New York, 10 Avril 2018

Le Secrétaire général condamne le meurtre d’un Casque bleu rwandais ainsi que les blessures infligées à huit autres membres de la Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation en République centrafricaine (MINUSCA) le 10 avril à Bangui lors d’un échange de tirs avec des éléments armés.

Cet incident fait suite à une opération conjointe lancée le 8 avril par la MINUSCA ainsi que les forces armées et la police centrafricaines pour désarmer et arrêter des groupes criminels lourdement armés dans le troisième arrondissement de Bangui.

Le Secrétaire général présente ses plus sincères condoléances à la famille de la victime ainsi qu’au Gouvernement rwandais et souhaite un prompt rétablissement aux blessés.
Le Secrétaire général rappelle que les attaques contre les forces de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies peuvent constituer un crime de guerre et appelle les autorités centrafricaines à enquêter sur ces cas et à traduire rapidement les responsables en justice.

Le Secrétaire général réitère la détermination de la MINUSCA à protéger les civils et à contribuer à la stabilisation de la République centrafricaine.

 Stéphane Dujarric , Porte-Parole du Secrétaire général de l’ONU

 

Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the killing of a MINUSCA peacekeeper in the Central African Republic

New York, 10 April 2018

The Secretary-General strongly condemns the killing of a Rwandan peacekeeper and the wounding of eight others of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) on 10 April, in Bangui during an exchange of fire with armed elements.

The incident follows a joint operation launched on 8 April by MINUSCA and the Central African forces and police to disarm and arrest heavily armed criminal groups.

The Secretary-General offers his deepest condolences to the family of the bereaved, as well as to the Government of Rwanda, and wishes a swift recovery to the injured.

The Secretary-General recalls that attacks against United Nations peacekeepers may constitute a war crime and calls on the Central African Republic authorities to investigate them and swiftly bring those responsible to justice.

The Secretary-General reiterates the determination of MINUSCA to protect civilians and contribute to the stabilization of the Central African Republic.

Stéphane Dujarric , Spokesman for the UN Secretary-General 

 

NOTE TO CORRESPONDENTS ON JOINT UN/AU VISIT TO SUDAN, CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC AND ETHIOPIA

New York, 8 April 2018
 
Joint visit of Under Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Jean-Pierre Lacroix, and African Union Commissioner for Peace and Security Smail Chergui to Sudan and the Central African Republic – 7-13 April 2018
On 8 April 2018, the Under Secretary-General (USG) for Peacekeeping Operations, Jean-Pierre Lacroix, and the African Union Commissioner for Peace and Security, Ambassador Smail Chergui, started a weeklong joint visit to Sudan and the Central African Republic. The joint visit is aimed at further strengthening the important partnership between the United Nations and the African Union, as emphasized by both UN Secretary-General António Guterres and the Chairperson of the AU Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat.
Upon arrival in Khartoum, USG Lacroix and Commissioner Chergui held discussions with various interlocutors on the overall situation in Darfur and the implementation of UNAMID mandate, including its ongoing reconfiguration. They attended the 25th meeting of the Tripartite Coordination Mechanism on UNAMID on 8 April. The Mechanism, composed of representatives of the Government of Sudan (GoS), the African Union (AU) and the United Nations (UN), is a forum at the strategic level aimed at resolving issues and challenges related to UNAMID. USG Lacroix and Commissioner Chergui held meetings with Government officials, including the Minister for Foreign Affairs, Prof. Ibrahim Ghandour. On 9 April, they are scheduled to travel to El Fasher, Darfur, which hosts the headquarters of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Mission in Darfur (UNAMID).
From 10-13 April, USG Lacroix and Commissioner Chergui will travel to Bangui, Central African Republic, where they will meet with senior Government officials, senior UN and AU officials and other interlocutors. They will highlight the cooperation between the UN and the AU in seeking political solutions to the country’s conflict. They will also co-chair the first meeting of the International Support Group on the CAR aimed at encouraging the international community to re-engage in the peace process and to support the urgent humanitarian needs of millions in the country.
USG Lacroix and Commissioner Chergui will then travel to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, where they will jointly brief the African Union Peace and Security Council on 13 April and meet senior AU officials.

Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the attack against a MINUSCA base and the killing of civilians in the Central African Republic [scroll down for French version]

New York, 3 April 2018 

The Secretary-General condemns the attack against a base of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) on 3 April, in Ouaka, a prefecture of the Central African Republic. The attack led to the death of one Mauritanian peacekeeper, while 11 others were injured and are receiving medical care.  

The Secretary-General offers his deepest condolences to the families of those killed, as well as to the Government of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.  He wishes a swift recovery to the injured. 

The Secretary-General is also outraged by the killing of 21 civilians, including four children and four women as well as the injuring of 14 civilians, which occurred the same day in the same prefecture.

The Secretary-General calls on the Central African Republic authorities to investigate these attacks and quickly bring those responsible to justice.

Stéphane Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary-General

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Déclaration attribuable au porte-parole du Secrétaire général sur l’attaque contre une base de la MINUSCA et le meurtre de civils en République centrafricaine

New York, 3 avril 2018 

Le Secrétaire général condamne l’attaque perpétrée contre une base de la Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies pour la Stabilisation en République centrafricaine (MINUSCA) le 3 avril, dans la préfecture de Ouaka, en République centrafricaine. L’attaque a causé la mort d’un casque bleu mauritanien, tandis qu’onze autres ont été blessés et évacués pour traitement médical. 

Le Secrétaire général présente ses plus sincères condoléances aux familles endeuillées, ainsi qu’au Gouvernement de la République islamique de Mauritanie. Il souhaite un prompt rétablissement aux blessés. 

Le Secrétaire général est également consterné par le meurtre de 21 civils, dont quatre enfants et quatre femmes, ainsi que par les blessures infligées à 14 personnes, le même jour, dans la même préfecture.

Le Secrétaire général appelle les autorités de la République centrafricaine à enquêter sur ces attaques et à traduire en justice rapidement leurs auteurs.

Stéphane Dujarric, Porte-parole du Secrétaire général

2018 Remember Slavery Commemorated in Yaounde

The 2018 International Day in Memory of Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade was commemorated in Cameroon on 26 March through an event organized by UNIC Yaounde, UNESCO and the UN Centre for Human Rights and Democracy on“Remember Slavery: Triumphs and Struggles for Freedom and Equality”, at the National Museum in Yaounde. Key highlights of the event included;

  1. Panel Discussion

This talk harped on the genesis, context, struggles for freedom/equality and human right violations during slavery era. The main objective was to exchange information on Slavery and UN’s actions and conventions to completely eradicate discrimination, prejudice and racism today with mostly History students from Secondary schools and Universities in Yaounde, the NGO; ‘Pan-African Youth network for a Culture of Peace’ working on Bimbia Slavery cultural heritage site and Human Rights.

Mr. Christian NDOMBI; Cultural Affairs Officer at UNESCO pointed that the history of slavery and Transatlantic slave trade is that of silence, by the perpetrators of the act and the victims, due to shame. He added that UNESCO launched the “slave route” Project in 1980 to break the silence, with in-depth studies undertaken on the practice of slavery, to let the world know the ills of the transatlantic slave trade in a bid to wipe out modern forms of slavery. Mr Ndombi further emphasized that youths are targeted to let them know and remember what transpired during the slave trade not for revenge but for quality education so as to prevent a recurrence of such heinous and inhumane acts.

UNICs Jean NJITA said the United Nations is committed to help young people learn from the history of slavery and transatlantic slave trade in order to help fight racism and prejudice, for countless stories of enslaved children, women and men (such as the recent story of black migrants sold as slaves in Libya) still remains untold. “On this Day, the United Nations urges us to reflect on the inhumane and humane capacity that lies within us” he added, further calling on all to take the commitments spelt out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Charter of the United Nations as a guide for the present and the future so that a more just and equitable world can be bequeathed to future generations.

Mrs. Dorothée Onguene; National Programme Officer at the UN Centre for Human Rights and Democracy presented a synopsis of the different UN Conventions such as the one on slavery adopted in 1926, the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights which stipulates that no one is to be enslaved or held in servitude. She reiterated that slavery has not completely disappeared, as it is still being practiced through force child labour; forced use of arms by children; sexual exploitation of girls and pornography; with girls being forced to work to settle parents’ debt, domestic slavery. Mrs Onguene stressed that the UN has appointed a special rapporteur on slavery, to report regularly on issues related to slavery and bring help to victims.

Professor Raymond Asombang; Director of the National Museum lauded UN’s continued strives to completely eradicate Slavery. As a way to support this UN initiative, the national museum has also setup an exhibition stand on slavery and the transatlantic slave trade to showcase what really happened during the transatlantic slave trade, with light thrown on the phenomenon in Cameroon such as Bimbia, Bangou and Bapa slave markets.

During the question and answer session, questions asked with satisfactory answers from panelists included:

  • What is the real contribution of the UN towards eradicating aspects of slavery that still exist in Cameroon?
  • What were the sanctions taken by the UN in relation to what happened in Libya?
  • What has African states or Individuals done to eradicate this practice?
  • Does the commemoration of slavery and transatlantic slave trade not instead open up old wounds?

UNIC Yaounde provided information kits to the over 105 participants at the event containing: the UNSG’s message, brief presentation of slavery and slave trade, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, notebooks, storyline of the movie, etc… UNIC equally mobilized journalist to cover the event such as Ariane TV, Cameron Radio and Television, The Post Newspaper, Cameroon Tribune, Canal2 Television, Camer.be.

2. Poster Exhibition on the «A Legacy of Black Achievers»

Participants were led on a guided tour of the 25 posters exhibited at the entrance of the National museum in both English and French on the theme “A Legacy of Black Achievers”. UNIC’s Jean Njita presented a summary of the exhibition before delving into a poster by poster presentation, highlighting the achievements of each of the 23 notable personalities, and called on participants to emulate these models by working hard and excelling in their education, for they could achieve these things, then they also can.

International Day of Happiness

Everyone deserves to be happy.

But how to be happy when you struggle to have something to eat, when your village is in danger because of climate change, when your future is in jeopardy by the lack of access to education or when you are being discriminated because of your gender, colour or religion?

With the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Goals (SDGs), the whole UN family is working to tackle these problems and to create a better world for each and everyone of us.

And have no doubt, a better world for all will be a happier one for everybody!

Join our cause and spread the word on today’s International Day of Happiness!

#HappinessDay #InternationalDayOfHappiness #Agenda2030 #SDGs#GlobalGoals

One UN stand to celebrate Cameroonian Youths on 06 February 2018 at the National Museum

The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Civic Education organized a “Youth village” as part of commemorative activities for the 52nd National Youth Day on “Youth, Multiculturalism, Peace and National Unity” at the national museum. The UN System mounted a stand with documents on the role of youths in achieving the SDGs, from UNIC, UNESCO, WHO, UNV, UNDP, UNICEF with UNFPA as lead.

UNFPA Representative Barbara Sow welcomed Minister Mounouna Foutsou to the UN Stand, stressing UN’s support to government’s determination in building a responsible youth.

 

UNIC’s Jean Njita and WHO’s Barbara Etoa presented UN‘s activities for youths, using key documents displayed on the stands, with some handed to the minister and his entourage.

This official launch of the youth village which brought over 1000 pupils, students, youth activist and promoters from different parts of the Centre region, grouped over 200 local and international institutions. Dance groups were also present to add pump, colour and fun to the event.

Panel Discussion on the 2018 International Women’s Day in Cameroon

    
UNIC Yaounde on behalf of the United Nations System in Cameroon organized a panel discussion on “Intensify the fight against discrimination on women: Strengthen partnership to speed up sustainable development” on Tuesday 6 February 2018 at the UNIC Conference Room. This talk had as main objective, the exchange of information with university students in development studies, and civil societies on concrete actions carried out by the UN system in Cameroon, towards empowering women and girls. 

Adama Moussa, Resident Representative of UNWOMEN emphasized the normative framework for the protection of women’s right, stating the four resolutions adopted by the UN to protect women such as: Violence against women, peace and security, Economic autonomy and political participation. Mr. Adama further harps on the fact that women representation should be specific, temporal and corrective in government positions and elections in order to attain UN’s gender parity policy. “The aim now is to have 30% of women integrated in each sector in Cameroon for operation gender 50/50 is a gradual process” he said. He insisted that the economic autonomy of women can be achieved only by promoting women to become economically and giving them equal opportunities and access to land and production.

Daniela Luciana, Head of Child Protection at UNICEF focusing on early marriages and other forms of traditional constraints on women, states that UNICEF mobilizes tools not only to work with the community on violence against women, but also to challenge norms and taboos against certain forms of violence practiced in the society. The more girls are educated, the less child marriage is experienced. Thus, UNICEF is working to improve girls’ education, so that they do not drop from school after primary education to get marry. She further added that according to the 2011 survey, statistics revealed that 50% of girls got married before the age of 18 in the Eastern and Adamawa regions, and 1 out of 3 at the national level and 80% of women and girls have been victims of sexual violence in which most cases happen at home and the perpetrators are always very close people that the victims know.

Abdoulaye Balde; Representative and Country Director of WFP, highlighted actions taken by WFP to economically empower the rural women; who are the backbone of food production, with skills to transform local produce into semi-finished or finished product.  Queuing with UNICEF’s policy of sending girls to school, Mr. Baldé added that WFP provides food to students in some areas of the northern part of Cameroon as an incentive for them to remain in school.

UNIC’s Jean Njita; who moderated the talks, called on participants to be ambassadors of change.  Quoting Memory Banda the 18-year-old Malawian, on child marriage, Mr. Njita stated that “Marriage is often the end for girls like me. But if our leaders invest in us and give us the chance to be educated, we will become women who create a better society for everyone.”

During the question and answer session, questions were asked such as:

  • With legal framework stated by UNWOMEN put in place in Cameroon, is there hope for women in Cameroon?
  • What actions have been taken by UNWomen against the rape cases by UN peacekeepers in the Central African Republic?
  • What is UNICEF doing to prevent early marriages?
  • Why are men the ones talking on women’s day etc.,

UNIC Yaounde provided information kits to the over 40 participants at the event containing: the UNSG’s message on IWD2018, brief history of the IWD, Africa Renewal on keeping girls in school, notebooks, etc… UNIC equally mobilized journalist who covered the panel discussions organized at UNIC conference room. Media organs represented included; Ariane TV, CRTV, Equinoxe Television, Cameroon Tribune, Vision4 Television, Le Messager etc…