Author Archives: Jean Njita

Objectif 15 : Préserver et restaurer les écosystèmes terrestres, en veillant à les exploiter de façon durable, gérer durablement les forêts, lutter contre la désertification, enrayer et inverser le processus de dégradation des sols et mettre fin à l’appauvrissement de la biodiversité

Les forêts recouvrent 30 % de la surface de la planète, assurent la sécurité alimentaire et fournissent des abris, et sont essentielles pour lutter contre le changement climatique, protéger la biodiversité et les foyers des populations autochtones. Chaque année, 13 millions d’hectares de forêts sont perdus tandis que la dégradation continuelle des zones arides a conduit à la désertification de 3,6 milliards d’hectares.
La déforestation et la désertification – causées par les activités humaines et le changement climatique – posent des défis majeurs au développement durable et ont des répercussions négatives sur la vie et les moyens de subsistance de millions de personnes qui luttent contre la pauvreté. Des efforts sont déployés pour gérer les forêts et combattre la désertification.

Faits et Chiffres

Forêts

  • Environ 1,6 milliard de personnes – dont plus de 2 000 cultures autochtones – dépendent des forêts pour assurer leur subsistance
  • Les forêts abritent plus de 80 % des espèces d’animaux, de plantes et d’insectes que compte la planète

Désertification

  • 2,6 milliards de personnes dépendent directement de l’agriculture, mais 52% des terres utilisées pour l’agriculture sont touchées modérément ou fortement par la dégradation des sols
  • La dégradation des terres touche 1,5 milliard de personnes dans le monde
  • La perte des terres arables serait de 30 à 35 fois plus rapide que le rythme historique
  • La sécheresse et la désertification provoquent chaque année la perte de 12 millions d’hectares (soit 23 hectares par minute), sur lesquels on aurait pu cultiver 20 millions de tonnes de céréales
  • 74 % des pauvres dans le monde sont touchés directement par la dégradation des terres

Biodiversité

  • Sur les 8 300 races animales connues dans le monde, 8 % ont disparu et 22 % sont menacées d’extinction
  • Sur les plus de 80 000 essences existantes, moins de 1 % ont été étudiées aux fins de leur utilisation
  • Les poissons assurent 20 % de l’apport protéique à environ 3 milliards de personnes. Dix espèces à elles seules constituent environ 30 % des captures effectuées dans le cadre de la pêche maritime et 10 espèces constituent environ 50 % de la production aquacole
  • Plus de 80 % de l’alimentation des êtres humains est assurée par des plantes. Cinq cultures céréalières représentent 60 % de l’apport calorique
  • Les microorganismes et les invertébrés jouent un rôle essentiel au niveau des services écosystémiques, mais leurs contributions sont encore mal connues et reconnues.

Cibles

  • 15.1 D’ici à 2020, garantir la préservation, la restauration et l’exploitation durable des écosystèmes terrestres et des écosystèmes d’eau douce et des services connexes, en particulier les forêts, les zones humides, les montagnes et les zones arides, conformément aux obligations découlant des accords internationaux15.2 D’ici à 2020, promouvoir la gestion durable de tous les types de forêt, mettre un terme à la déforestation, restaurer les forêts dégradées et accroître considérablement le boisement et le reboisement au niveau mondial15.3 D’ici à 2030, lutter contre la désertification, restaurer les terres et sols dégradés, notamment les terres touchées par la désertification, la sécheresse et les inondations, et s’efforcer de parvenir à un monde sans dégradation des sols

    15.4 D’ici à 2030, assurer la préservation des écosystèmes montagneux, notamment de leur biodiversité, afin de mieux tirer parti de leurs bienfaits essentiels pour le développement durable

    15.5 Prendre d’urgence des mesures énergiques pour réduire la dégradation du milieu naturel, mettre un terme à l’appauvrissement de la biodiversité et, d’ici à 2020, protéger les espèces menacées et prévenir leur extinction

    15.6 Favoriser le partage juste et équitable des bénéfices découlant de l’utilisation des ressources génétiques et promouvoir un accès approprié à celles-ci, ainsi que cela a été décidé à l’échelle internationale

    15.7 Prendre d’urgence des mesures pour mettre un terme au braconnage et au trafic d’espèces végétales et animales protégées et s’attaquer au problème sous l’angle de l’offre et de la demande

    15.8 D’ici à 2020, prendre des mesures pour empêcher l’introduction d’espèces exotiques envahissantes, atténuer sensiblement les effets que ces espèces ont sur les écosystèmes terrestres et aquatiques et contrôler ou éradiquer les espèces prioritaires

    15.9 D’ici à 2020, intégrer la protection des écosystèmes et de la biodiversité dans la planification nationale, dans les mécanismes de développement, dans les stratégies de réduction de la pauvreté et dans la comptabilité

    15.a Mobiliser des ressources financières de toutes provenances et les augmenter nettement pour préserver la biodiversité et les écosystèmes et les exploiter durablement

    15.b Mobiliser d’importantes ressources de toutes provenances et à tous les niveaux pour financer la gestion durable des forêts et inciter les pays en développement à privilégier ce type de gestion, notamment aux fins de la préservation des forêts et du reboisement

    15.c Apporter, à l’échelon mondial, un soutien accru à l’action menée pour lutter contre le braconnage et le trafic d’espèces protégées, notamment en donnant aux populations locales d’autres moyens d’assurer durablement leur subsistance.

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Message du Secrétaire général: Journée internationale des Casques bleus de l’ONU, 29 mai 2018 (Scroll down for English)

Le 29 mai 1948, le Conseil de sécurité de l’Organisation des Nations Unies autorisait la première opération de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies : l’Organisme des Nations Unies chargé de la surveillance de la trêve au Moyen-Orient.

En ce soixante-dixième anniversaire, nous exprimons notre reconnaissance au plus d’un million de femmes et d’hommes qui ont servi sous la bannière des Nations Unies et sauvé ainsi d’innombrables vies.

Nous rendons hommage aux plus de 3 700 Casques bleus qui ont fait le sacrifice ultime.

Nous saluons enfin les 14 missions qui, aujourd’hui, œuvrent 24 heures sur 24 à protéger les populations et à faire avancer la cause de la paix.

Cette année, je célébrerai la Journée internationale des Casques bleus des Nations Unies au Mali afin de témoigner ma solidarité à ceux de nos collègues qui font face à de lourdes pertes et à une instabilité extrême.

Tout en saluant l’héritage laissé par ceux qui, dans le monde entier, ont placé leur vie sous le signe du service et du sacrifice, je tiens à dire combien je suis déterminé à prendre des mesures en faveur du maintien de la paix, des mesures qui visent à rendre nos opérations plus sûres et plus efficaces dans les conditions difficiles qui prévalent aujourd’hui.

Nous sommes également déterminés à renforcer le rôle que nos forces ont à jouer dans la promotion des droits de l’homme et la lutte contre l’exploitation et les atteintes sexuelles.

Les opérations de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies constituent un investissement efficace en faveur de la paix, de la sécurité et de la prospérité mondiales.

Ensemble, engageons-nous à faire tout notre possible pour que cette mission soit couronnée de succès.

Je vous remercie.

Secretary-General’s Message for 2018 International Day of UN Peacekeepers

On May 29th, 1948, the United Nations Security Council authorized the first United Nations peacekeeping operation – the UN Truce Supervision Organization in the Middle East.

On this 70th anniversary, we express our gratitude to the more than one million men and women who have served under the UN flag, saving countless lives.

We honour the more than 3,700 blue helmets who paid the ultimate price.

And we pay tribute to the fourteen missions working around the clock today to protect people and advance the cause of peace.

This year, I will spend International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers in Mali to express my solidarity with colleagues facing high casualties and enormous volatility.

As we recognize a legacy of service and sacrifice around the world, I am also committed to taking action for peacekeeping — action to make our operations safer and more effective in today’s challenging environments.

We also are committed to reinforcing the important role our forces must play in promoting human rights and addressing sexual exploitation and abuse.

United Nations peacekeeping is a proven investment in global peace, security and prosperity.

Together, let us pledge to do all we can to enable that mission to succeed.

Thank you.

The Secretary – General’s message on Africa Day

In March this year, Africa’s leaders launched the African Continental Free Trade Area.  Representing one of the largest markets in the world, with 1.2 billion consumers, the Free Trade Area can boost regional integration, drive economic growth, generate jobs for young Africans, alleviate poverty and lead to more stable and peaceful societies.

This is just the latest example of achievement under the umbrella of the African Union – formerly the Organisation of African Unity – which marks its 55th anniversary this year.  Across Africa, entrepreneurship is up, access to education has increased and child mortality has declined.  More women are serving in parliaments, and economic growth in several countries is greater than in other parts of the world.

Africa is increasingly driving its own future.  The guiding vision for Africa’s development is the African Union’s Agenda 2063.  Fully complementary to the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Agenda 2063 provides a foundation for resilience and social and economic progress for the entire continent.  The United Nations is fully committed to supporting Africa’s efforts.  To that end, the two organizations have in the past year signed frameworks on peace and security and on the coherent implementation of Agenda 2063 and the 2030 Agenda.

Peace and sustainable development are two sides of the same coin – one cannot be achieved without the other.  To promote peace, the United Nations will continue to support prevention.  We must collectively strengthen our ability to detect and defuse crises before they escalate and sharpen our tools for addressing their causes.  The United Nations will also work to support the African Union’s commitment to “Silence the Guns” by 2020 and promote the indispensable role of women and youth in conflict prevention and peace building.

On this Africa Day, I urge all nations to support a peaceful, prosperous Africa.  What is good for Africa is good for the world.

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind.

Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

 

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future.

The Ocean Conference aimed to raise the profile of the many threats to the world’s oceans that are affecting people’s lives, ranging from land-based pollution to coral bleaching, overfishing, marine habitat degradation, ocean acidification and the impacts of climate change, as well as the importance of healthy oceans to sustainable  development and the achievement of the SDGs.
Facts and Figures
  • Oceans cover three quarters of the Earth’s surface, contain 97 per cent of the Earth’s water, and represent 99 per cent of the living space on the planet by volume
  • Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods
  • Globally, the market value of marine and coastal resources and industries is estimated at $3 trillion per year or about 5 per cent of global GDP
  • Oceans contain nearly 200,000 identified species, but actual numbers may lie in the millions
  • Oceans absorb about 30 per cent of carbon dioxide produced by humans, buffering the impacts of global warming
  • Oceans serve as the world’s largest source of protein, with more than 3 billion people depending on the oceans as their primary source of protein
  • Marine fisheries directly or indirectly employ over 200 million people
  • Subsidies for fishing are contributing to the rapid depletion of many fish species and are preventing efforts to save and restore global fisheries and related jobs, causing ocean fisheries to generate US$ 50 billion less per year than they could
  • As much as 40 per cent of the world oceans are heavily affected by human activities, including pollution, depleted fisheries, and loss of coastal habitats

Targets

  • By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
  • By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
  • Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
  • By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
  • By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
  • By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
  • By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
  • Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
  • Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
  • Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want.

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Colloquium on the 2018 World Press Freedom Day in Cameroon

“..the emergence of online media is advantageous but constitutes a danger when ethical norms are neglected…with the internet, anyone can become a journalist because it is open to all, with little or no control” was echoed by Mr. Ngankak Kizito, Director of Private Media Development at the Ministry of Communication (MINCOM), representing his Minister at the 2018 World Press Freedom Day commemorated in Cameroon through a colloquium organized by UNESCO, UNIC Yaounde and the Advanced school of Mass Communication (ASMAC) Yaounde. Event which held on “Keeping Power in Check: Media, Justice And The Rule Law” took place at ASMAC on 3 May 2018.

During the opening ceremony, Mr. Mputu Hilaire read the message of the Director General of UNESCO, followed by a video projection of the UNSG’s message by UNIC. In the message, Mr. Guterres called on “…governments to strengthen press freedom, and to protect journalist”.

 

The crux of the observance was the panel talk with the over 200 Journalism students and media professionals on the following sub-themes:

  • ·Press freedom, access to information and elections·
  • A judicial system in favor of free and assured journalism;·
  • Freedom of expression online: improve self-regulation.

UNIC’s NIO Jean Njita emphasized that the commemoration fell within the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, mostly Goal 16:  whereby “people everywhere need to be free of fear from all forms of violence and feel safe as they go about their lives whatever their ethnicity, faith or sexual orientation”. Mr Njita further stated that the 2018 WPFD will offer a renewed opportunity to address critical issues affecting online press freedom and further promote SDG16 (target16.10) on public access to information and protection of fundamental freedoms.

The Director of the Advanced School of Mass Communication (ASMAC) Yaounde; Professor Laurent-Charles Boyomo Assala harped that journalist are first to understand and follow the ethical deontology of the profession and that for press freedom to be effective, a clear sociological distinction must be made between a person of the press (professional) and the individual. To him, press freedom applies only to those with a professional qualification as journalist and not the individual. Professor Boyomo thus called on journalists to be conscious of their ethical limits, as defined by the law, when reporting, for information must be treated within the social norms of the profession without distorting facts.

Professor Claude-Bernard Assira, Senior Lecturer at the Catholic University of Central Africa disclosed that; a journalist is anyone who, based on his intellectual abilities, trained or untrained can collect and treat information destined for social communication, according to article 46 of the 1990 freedom law in Cameroon. To him, this law gives room for just anyone to get into the profession, as he further state that there is no press freedom in Cameroon, pointing out some cases of journalist who were wrongly prosecuted. He alarmed at the fact that “the judiciary system in Cameroon has been politicized, government authorities who in most cases are the complainant, use their positions in power to influence judges to pass judgment in their favor”. He thus called for an amendment of the laws, with new code of ethics elaborated and adopted for the journalism profession, as he once more reiterated the need for genuine freedom and security of journalist, as well as calling for a responsible journalism to avoid judicial issues.

Dr Baba Wame; a Cyber Journalist and lecturer in ASMAC reiterated that the internet has little or no control over contents published by individuals. He added that online information is mostly produced by the authors themselves which may not necessarily be credible. Dr Baba Wame said the unreliable and unsecured publication of social media content led to 3 historical events in the month of April 2018 amongst which was the summon of Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerburg by the American Senate for his failure to protect users’ data. He thus added that only a proper application of internet self-regulatory measures can give credibility and security to social media content and users, this by setting up of online ethical codes by social media communities.

During the question and answer session, questions asked with satisfactory answers from panelists included:

  •  It is possible for a journalist to faithfully carry out his professional duties given our political and economic context?
  •  Can we talk of press freedom in a profession where anyone can get into without training?
  •  Will the issue of auto regulation not hinder press freedom online?

Application for ECOSOC consultative status for the 2019 NGO Committee

Last Month – To apply for ECOSOC consultative status in order to be considered by the 2019 NGO Committee (Deadline: 1 June 2018 – Late submissions will not be accepted)

1 June 2018 is the last day for Non-Governmental Organizations to apply for consultative status with the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), in order to have an opportunity to take part in UN deliberations. ECOSOC consultative status is governed by ECOSOC resolution 1996/31, which outlines the eligibility requirements for consultative status, rights and obligations of NGOs in consultative status, procedures for the withdrawal or suspension of consultative status, the role and functions of the ECOSOC Committee on NGOs, and the responsibilities of the UN Secretariat in supporting the consultative relationship. Consultative status is granted by ECOSOC upon recommendation of the ECOSOC Committee on NGOs, which is composed by Member States.

Welcome Message from Mr. Marc-André Dorel, Acting Chief of the NGO Branch

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q8dhZXGb5Fg       English                                                      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P3KKmdiHpDQ     French

 

NEW: Webinar on applying for ECOSOC consultative status click here.

Who is eligible for applying? 

Consultative relationships may be established with international, regional, sub regional and national non-governmental, non-profit public or voluntary organizations. NGOs affiliated to an international organization already in status may be admitted provided that they can demonstrate that their programme of work has direct relevance to the aims and purposes of the United Nations.

To be eligible for consultative status, an NGO must have been in existence (officially registered with the appropriate government authorities as an NGO/non-profit) for at least two years, must have an established headquarters, a democratically adopted constitution, authority to speak for its members, a representative structure, appropriate mechanisms of accountability and democratic and transparent decision-making processes. The basic resources of the organization must be derived in the main part from contributions of the national affiliates or other components or from individual members.

What are the benefits? 

NGOs that are accredited with ECOSOC can participate in a number of events, including, but not limited to regular sessions of ECOSOC, its functional commissions and its other subsidiary bodies. NGOs may:

  • Attend official meetings;
  • Submit written statements prior to sessions;
  • Make oral statements;
  • Meet official government delegations and other NGO representatives;
  • Organize and attend parallel events that take place during the session;
  • Participate in debates, interactive dialogues, panel discussions and informal meetings.

Organizations established by governments or intergovernmental agreements are not considered NGOs.

For more information about ECOSOC Consultative status click here.

Objectif 13 : Prendre d’urgence des mesures pour lutter contre les changements climatiques et leurs répercussions

Les émissions de gaz à effet de serre engendrées par les activités humaines n’ont jamais été aussi élevées. Entraîné par la croissance économique et l’accroissement de la population, le changement climatique a des effets très étendus sur les systèmes humains et naturels dans tous les pays et sur tous les continents.

Avec le réchauffement de l’atmosphère et des océans, les quantités de neige et de glace ont diminué et le niveau des mers s’est élevé. La température à la surface de la Terre devrait augmenter au cours du XXIe siècle, et si des mesures ne sont pas prises, cette augmentation pourrait dépasser trois degrés Celsius pendant ce siècle.

Du fait des effets du changement climatique sur le développement économique, les ressources naturelles et la pauvreté, la lutte contre celui-ci est devenue un élément indissociable de la réalisation du développement durable. En trouvant des solutions abordables et modulables face au changement climatique, les progrès accomplis au cours des dernières décennies ne seront pas sapés par ce phénomène et les pays auront des économies saines et résilientes.

Faits et Chiffres

  • Entre 1880 et 2012, la température moyenne dans le monde a augmenté de 0,85 degré Celsius. Pour mettre cela en perspective, lorsque la température augmente d’un degré, la production de céréales diminue d’environ 5 %. Le maïs, le blé et les autres récoltes principales ont enregistré une diminution marquée de la production au niveau mondial s’élevant à 40 millions de tonnes par an entre 1981 et 2002 à cause du réchauffement climatique
  • Les océans se sont réchauffés, les quantités de neige et de glace ont diminué et le niveau des mers s’est élevé. Entre 1901 et 2010, le niveau moyen global de la mer a augmenté de 19 cm car les océans se sont élargis à cause du réchauffement et la glace a fondu. La banquise arctique s’est rétractée durant chaque décennie depuis 1979, la perte de banquise atteignant 1,07 millions de km² par décennie
  • Vu les concentrations actuelles et les émissions continuelles de gaz à effet de serre, tous les scénarios sauf un montrent qu’à la fin du siècle, l’augmentation de la température globale dépassera 1,5 degré Celsius par rapport à la période allant de 1850 à 1900. Le niveau moyen des mers devrait augmenter de 24 à 30 cm d’ici à 2065 et de 40 à 63 cm d’ici à 2100. La plupart des effets du changement climatique persisteront pendant de nombreux siècles même si l’on met fin aux émissions
  • Les émissions globales de dioxyde de carbone (CO2) ont augmenté de près de 50 % depuis 1990
  • Les émissions ont augmenté plus rapidement entre 2000 et 2010 que durant chacune des trois décennies précédentes
  • Il est encore possible, en utilisant tout un arsenal de mesures technologiques et de changements de comportement, de limiter à deux degrés Celsius l’augmentation de la température moyenne globale comparée aux niveaux préindustriels
  • Les principaux changements institutionnels et technologiques offriront de meilleures chances que jamais de limiter ainsi le réchauffement de la planète.

Cibles

13.1   Renforcer, dans tous les pays, la résilience et les capacités d’adaptation face aux aléas climatiques et aux catastrophes naturelles liées au climat

13.2   Incorporer des mesures relatives aux changements climatiques dans les politiques, les stratégies et la planification nationales

13.3   Améliorer l’éducation, la sensibilisation et les capacités individuelles et institutionnelles en ce qui concerne l’adaptation aux changements climatiques, l’atténuation de leurs effets et la réduction de leur impact et les systèmes d’alerte rapide

13.a   Mettre en œuvre l’engagement que les pays développés parties à la Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques ont pris de mobiliser ensemble auprès de multiples sources 100 milliards de dollars des États-Unis par an d’ici à 2020 pour répondre aux besoins des pays en développement en ce qui concerne les mesures concrètes d’atténuation et la transparence de leur mise en œuvre et rendre le Fonds vert pour le climat pleinement opérationnel en le dotant dans les plus brefs délais des moyens financiers nécessaires

13.b   Promouvoir des mécanismes de renforcement des capacités afin que les pays les moins avancés et les petits États insulaires en développement se dotent de moyens efficaces de planification et de gestion pour faire face aux changements climatiques, l’accent étant mis notamment sur les femmes, les jeunes, la population locale et les groupes marginalisés.

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High-Level Meeting on Peacebuilding and Sustaining Peace, 24 – 25 April 2018

The President of the 72nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly, H.E. Mr. Miroslav Lajčák identified peacebuilding and sustaining peace as a key priority. Therefore he will convene a High-Level Meeting on Peacebuilding and Sustaining Peace on 24 and 25 April 2018 to assess efforts undertaken and opportunities to strengthen the United Nations’ work on peacebuilding and sustaining peace.

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty.

Sustainable consumption and production  aims at “doing more and better with less,” increasing net welfare gains from economic activities by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole lifecycle, while increasing quality of life. It involves different stakeholders, including business, consumers, policy makers, researchers, scientists, retailers, media, and development cooperation agencies, among others.
It also requires a systemic approach and cooperation among actors operating in the supply chain, from producer to final consumer. It involves engaging consumers through awareness-raising and education on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing consumers with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others.
Facts and Figures
  • Each year, an estimated one third of all food produced – equivalent to 1.3 billion tonnes worth around $1 trillion – ends up rotting in the bins of consumers and retailers, or spoiling due to poor transportation and harvesting practices
  • If people worldwide switched to energy efficient lightbulbs the world would save US$120 billion annually
  • Should the global population reach 9.6 billion by 2050, the equivalent of almost three planets could be required to provide the natural resources needed to sustain current lifestyles

Water

  • Less than 3 per cent of the world’s water is fresh (drinkable), of which 2.5 per cent is frozen in the Antarctica, Arctic and glaciers. Humanity must therefore rely on 0.5 per cent for all of man’s ecosystem’s and fresh water needs.
  • Man is polluting water faster than nature can recycle and purify water in rivers and lakes.
  • More than 1 billion people still do not have access to fresh water.
  • Excessive use of water contributes to the global water stress.
  • Water is free from nature but the infrastructure needed to deliver it is expensive.

Energy

  • Despite technological advances that have promoted energy efficiency gains, energy use in OECD countries will continue to grow another 35 per cent by 2020. Commercial and residential energy use is the second most rapidly growing area of global energy use after transport.
  • In 2002 the motor vehicle stock in OECD countries was 550 million vehicles (75 per cent of which were personal cars). A 32 per cent increase in vehicle ownership is expected by 2020. At the same time, motor vehicle kilometres are projected to increase by 40 per cent and global air travel is projected to triple in the same period.
  • Households consume 29 per cent of global energy and consequently contribute to 21 per cent of resultant CO2 emissions.
  • One-fifth of the world’s final energy consumption in 2013 was from renewables.

Food

  • While substantial environmental impacts from food occur in the production phase (agriculture, food processing), households influence these impacts through their dietary choices and habits. This consequently affects the environment through food-related energy consumption and waste generation.
  • 1.3 billion tonnes of food is wasted every year while almost 1 billion people go undernourished and another 1 billion hungry.
  • Overconsumption of food is detrimental to our health and the environment.
  • 2 billion people globally are overweight or obese.
  • Land degradation, declining soil fertility, unsustainable water use, overfishing and marine environment degradation are all lessening the ability of the natural resource base to supply food.
  • The food sector accounts for around 30 per cent of the world’s total energy consumption and accounts for around 22 per cent of total Greenhouse Gas emissions.

March 12, 2013 – Nairobi, Kenya – A worker prepares to place freshly cut French beans in a package. The beans have been cut to the specifications of supermarkets in the European Union. (Credit Image: © Ric Francis/ZUMAPRESS.com)

Targets

  • Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries
  • By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
  • By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses
  • By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
  • By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse
  • Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle
  • Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities
  • By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature
  • Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production
  • Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
  • Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities.

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