Category Archives: 2015: Time for Global Action

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe hands-over the Road Safety performance review report for Cameroon to Government

Yaounde, 22 August 2018

Cameroon records an average of 16,583 road accidents each year, killing more than 1,000 people, according to official figures, and over 6000 according to World Health Organization estimates. This human cost is dramatic. It is therefore urgent for Cameroon to redouble its efforts to improve the road safety situation. These are the main findings of Cameroon’s Road Safety Performance Review (RSPR), presented at a national workshop on road safety held in Yaoundé on 23 and 24 August 2018, in the context of follow up for the United Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety.

The Review, conducted by the Ministry of Transport under the supervision of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) and in collaboration with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), presents a holistic analysis of the country’s road safety progress and challenges.

The UN Secretary General’s Special Envoy for Road Safety, Mr Jean Todtpresented in Yaoundé today the Road Safety Performance Review of Cameroon, which provides an analysis of progress and challenges in the country’s road safety. Cameroon is the second African country to benefit from this expertise, following Uganda. He urged stakeholders in the country to strengthen their efforts in these terms: “This Review shows real political will of Cameroon’s authorities to improve the situation, but it also identifies key challenges that must be overcome. By analysing all factors in order to propose priority actions, these Reviews, which we are undertaking at the request of governments, can provide vital support for improving road safety at national level.”

Cameroon’s Minister of Transport H.E Jean Ernest Masséna Ngalle Bibehe, reaffirmed the country’s political will in the fight against road accidents: “…we commit to the progressive implementation of these recommendations, with, in priority, reinforcing coordination through the establishment of an independent operational organism as well as consultative and expert bodies; strengthening enforcement and improving legislation, including the integration of the United Nations legal instruments, which already inspire all national and regional texts in force in Cameroon; improving the safety of the vehicle fleet through its renewal; pursing the reform of the procedure to obtain and be awarded a driving licence, and intensifying awareness-raising.” 

Minister Nganou Djoumessi of Public Works declared that 41,5% of Cameroon’s road network is in a good state, adding that the government’s objective is to reduce the number of road accidents to 50% by 2020.

UN Resident Coordinator; Allegra Baiocchi said that a reduction in the number of the wounded and deaths on the highway will accelerate sustainable growth and prevent families from going through the many physical and psychological sufferings.

The country’s road network, which accounts for 85 per cent of transport in the country, suffers, among other problems, from a lack of signalling and markings, cracks, potholes, poor rainwater drainage, lack of sidewalks and cycle paths, and disorderly parking.

Significant resources have been mobilized for the development of safety measures through the country’s Road Fund, which has contributed nearly 2.5 billion CFA francs per year since 2013. However, these resources have not been used effectively and efficiently, sometimes because of the rigid eligibility conditions of the measures to be financed. Consequently, the RSPR recommends a more appropriate use of Road Fund resources, which would be enriched by increased mobilisation of the private sector to finance road safety initiatives.

To be effective on the ground, efforts to improve safety on the roads must involve diverse actors in Cameroon. The RSPR therefore highlights the need to develop and put in place partnership frameworks to enable the private sector and civil society to become more actively involved.

EPSR_Cameroun

UN Thomas & friends partner for the SDGs

United Nations, Thomas & Friends in a collaboration has launched at the UN Headquarters the Sustainable Development Goals to preschool children through animated children’s series Thomas & Friends. The short-form content and parent-targeted materials with childhood educational videos, are intended to help preschoolers around the world learn more about sustainability and start meaningful conversations between parents and children at the household level.
It is to popularize the Sustainable Development Goals and raise awareness about them and more importantly to teach children the importance of taking part in the global efforts to end poverty, providing girls and boys with the same opportunities, and protecting our planet.
The 17 Sustainable Development Goals were adopted by world leaders at the historic Sustainable Development Summit held at the United Nations in September 2015. Encompassing everything from health to gender equality and education, the Goals will mobilize efforts around the world to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind. AllAboardForGlobalGoals.com

2018 International Youth Day celebrations in Cameroon

The 2018 International Youth Day celebrated the contribution of #SafeSpaces4Youth to youth engagement and empowerment at the National Museum, with emphasis on citizen commitment of youths for peace and development. Ceremony brought together youth organizations, government, international partners.

Mrs Yvonne Matuturu, representing UNESCO called on civil society stakeholders, policymakers and entrepreneurs to imagine new forms of collaboration that are able to harness the vast potential of youth. she further stated that youths need a quality and conducive environment to  be able to express their citizenship

UN Resident Coordinator; Allegra Baiocchi emphasised the commitment of UN agencies to accompany the government in placing youths at the heart of development in Cameroon.

Minister Mounouna Foutsou of Youth Affairs and Civic Education called on youths to register with the national youth observatory to obtain the youth biometric card which will give them access to services for socioeconomic insertion. Suffice to add that youths represent more than 30% of the Cameroonian population.

UN calls for human rights abuses investigation in Cameroon conflict – Mission Network News

Cameroon (MNN) — Regional violence in Cameroon has stretched on for 18 months, and the United Nations is saying ‘enough’. UN rights chief Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein recently demanded the Cameroonian government launch an independent investigation on human rights abuses by State forces.

English-speakers in western Cameroon are vying for autonomy, since they feel underrepresented by the government. But when separatists started protesting, French-speaking State forces lashed out with brutal force.

(Photo courtesy of Efi Tembon via Facebook)

Since then, people in Anglophone regions have suffered attacks, random shootings, and rape. Soldiers have burned down entire villages — sometimes with family members still inside their homes.

Efi Tembon, the Executive Director of the Cameroon Association for Bible Translation and Literacy (CABTAL), a partner of Wycliffe Associates, shares, “More than 2,000 people have been killed so far since this started, and more than 170 villages have been burned, and more than 200,000 people are displaced, and more than 100,000 people are refugees in Nigeria.”

Along with condemnation from the UN, Tembon is hoping for United States involvement and enforced accountability for the Cameroonian government.

“We started a campaign here with the US Congress. The US government has been supporting the Cameroon military, providing training, providing material support. This provision was for the fight against Boko Haram. It was well-intentioned, but you know with good intentions, sometimes they have unintended consequences. These are being used now to fight against the…people,” says Tembon.

(Photo courtesy of Efi Tembon via Facebook)

“We think the US has leverage, has some influence to be able to help…. We are calling on others to write to their senators, to write to their representatives to be aware of this situation so something can be done [and] mediation can take place so peace can return.”

We previously shared how violence in western Cameroon is also causing problems for CABTAL’s Bible translators. The impact on their ministry is still growing.

“In the area where these atrocities are going on, we have 38 language projects where we are doing translation or helping communities in the area of Scripture impact. All of them have been affected right now and more than 400 translation personnel in these communities are affected — many of them [are] displaced, many [are] hiding in the bushes, and in some communities, translation has stopped.”

Tembon says churches have also been caught in the crosshairs. “Some pastors have been killed and churches have been taken over by the military, [who is] using some churches as a military base.”

In some villages, CABTAL lost touch with Bible translators who fled. They are still trying to make contact and help, especially because every day in the bush presents new risks.

“There are more people dying in the bushes than [who] are even being killed by bullets because they have no access to medical care. They are sick with malaria,…children are dying of malnutrition, [and] they don’t have any food.”

What’s worse “Some of them have nothing to go back to,” Tembon says. “Their homes have been burned, family members killed, they are living in bushes without food, no clothing, no basic needs, [and] exposed to all kinds of danger.”

Cameroon violence, village burned

(Photo courtesy of Wycliffe Associates)

Currently, Wycliffe Associates is raising funds to provide emergency protection for displaced Bible translators from western Cameroon and replace translation equipment. Even though the raging violence is a severe challenge, Wycliffe Associates, CABTAL, and their local volunteers are determined to get God’s Word to those who need Christ’s truth and hope — especially now.

If you would like to support this effort with Wycliffe Associates, click here!

Tembon says Cameroonians and our Christian brothers and sisters urgently need your prayer support as well.

“Some have turned to God, praying to God; others have turned to African Traditional Religion and [are] looking…to find a solution, to find help. [Pray] that this will cause people to turn to the Lord and cry out to Him.

“Pray for the Church in Cameroon. God knows what is going on. All of this doesn’t take Him by surprise. [Pray] that we would be able to come back to the Lord and repent as a Church in that country.”

“Also, pray that the root causes of this problem will be solved. These people need freedom…. They have been like second-class citizens for 57 years and it reached a breaking point where it just boiled out of control. [Pray] that that root problem will be solved so that we will not see a recurrence of violence

Capacity Building Workshop on media coverage of elections and the promotion of peaceful elections in Cameroon in Bafoussam

Over 30 journalists from Northwest, Southwest and West regions participated in a three-day capacity building workshop on media coverage of elections and the promotion of peaceful elections in Cameroon, from 10 to 12 July in Bafoussam, Capital of the West Region.

Discussions and presentations focused, among other things, on issues related to ethics and deontology of journalism; regulation and self-regulation; balanced treatment of information during electoral period; the principles of nonsexist / gender sensitive communication in the electoral process; social media practices. Sessions were also enriched by practical exercises which allowed participants to gain knowledge and share best practices and experiences with regards to elections coverage, most especially, through an approach based on the respect for human rights and the promotion of peace.

The workshop was a UN’s response to the many calls expressed by journalists themselves, showing their determination to not only acquire new knowledge and experience in their field, but also their determination to contribute to the success of the upcoming elections.

Mr. Jean Jacques Massina-Landji, co-Chair of the UNCG, representing the UN Resident Coordinator in Cameroon, in his opening note stated that “for three days, these journalists will be tutored on the role of the media in the prevention, crisis management and violence during electoral periods, human rights issues related to elections as well as gender, democracy, peace and security,…elections are indeed crucial moments in the democratic life of a nation. Their transparency is fundamental in the context of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in which one of the Goals, Goal 16 is dedicated to the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, the provision of access to justice for all, and building effective, accountable institutions at all levels.”.

Mrs. Wandji Elsa, Regional Chief of Legal Affairs at the Delegation of Communication, representing the regional delegate and thus, Representative of the Minister of Communication, noted that workshops of this magnitude are rare and called on all present to take the opportunity given them to build their capacities on electoral reporting. According to her, information that will be disseminated by the journalists would push citizens to make informed choices instead of manipulations that would incite disorder.  

At the end of the workshop, the Journalists unanimously agreed to promote peace before, during and after elections in Cameroon. They adopted two key documents: “The Code of good conduct for journalists and media during electoral period” and “The Bafoussam Declaration”. In these documents, participants acknowledged the risks and threats to social peace that can be provoked by news articles and programs which do not obey the principles and tenets of balanced and impartial treatment of information. They therefore engaged “to promote peace journalism and to work with complete independence and responsibility, in favour of sustainable development”.

The workshop was jointly organized by the United Nations Regional Office For Central Africa (UNOCA), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and Empowerment of the Women (UN-WOMEN), United Nations Educational, Scientific and cultural Organization (UNESCO), United Nations Center for Human Rights and Democracy, Central Africa, United Nations Information Centre (UNIC) and United Nations Residence Coordinator’s Office in Cameroon.

Objectif 15 : Préserver et restaurer les écosystèmes terrestres, en veillant à les exploiter de façon durable, gérer durablement les forêts, lutter contre la désertification, enrayer et inverser le processus de dégradation des sols et mettre fin à l’appauvrissement de la biodiversité

Les forêts recouvrent 30 % de la surface de la planète, assurent la sécurité alimentaire et fournissent des abris, et sont essentielles pour lutter contre le changement climatique, protéger la biodiversité et les foyers des populations autochtones. Chaque année, 13 millions d’hectares de forêts sont perdus tandis que la dégradation continuelle des zones arides a conduit à la désertification de 3,6 milliards d’hectares.
La déforestation et la désertification – causées par les activités humaines et le changement climatique – posent des défis majeurs au développement durable et ont des répercussions négatives sur la vie et les moyens de subsistance de millions de personnes qui luttent contre la pauvreté. Des efforts sont déployés pour gérer les forêts et combattre la désertification.

Faits et Chiffres

Forêts

  • Environ 1,6 milliard de personnes – dont plus de 2 000 cultures autochtones – dépendent des forêts pour assurer leur subsistance
  • Les forêts abritent plus de 80 % des espèces d’animaux, de plantes et d’insectes que compte la planète

Désertification

  • 2,6 milliards de personnes dépendent directement de l’agriculture, mais 52% des terres utilisées pour l’agriculture sont touchées modérément ou fortement par la dégradation des sols
  • La dégradation des terres touche 1,5 milliard de personnes dans le monde
  • La perte des terres arables serait de 30 à 35 fois plus rapide que le rythme historique
  • La sécheresse et la désertification provoquent chaque année la perte de 12 millions d’hectares (soit 23 hectares par minute), sur lesquels on aurait pu cultiver 20 millions de tonnes de céréales
  • 74 % des pauvres dans le monde sont touchés directement par la dégradation des terres

Biodiversité

  • Sur les 8 300 races animales connues dans le monde, 8 % ont disparu et 22 % sont menacées d’extinction
  • Sur les plus de 80 000 essences existantes, moins de 1 % ont été étudiées aux fins de leur utilisation
  • Les poissons assurent 20 % de l’apport protéique à environ 3 milliards de personnes. Dix espèces à elles seules constituent environ 30 % des captures effectuées dans le cadre de la pêche maritime et 10 espèces constituent environ 50 % de la production aquacole
  • Plus de 80 % de l’alimentation des êtres humains est assurée par des plantes. Cinq cultures céréalières représentent 60 % de l’apport calorique
  • Les microorganismes et les invertébrés jouent un rôle essentiel au niveau des services écosystémiques, mais leurs contributions sont encore mal connues et reconnues.

Cibles

  • 15.1 D’ici à 2020, garantir la préservation, la restauration et l’exploitation durable des écosystèmes terrestres et des écosystèmes d’eau douce et des services connexes, en particulier les forêts, les zones humides, les montagnes et les zones arides, conformément aux obligations découlant des accords internationaux15.2 D’ici à 2020, promouvoir la gestion durable de tous les types de forêt, mettre un terme à la déforestation, restaurer les forêts dégradées et accroître considérablement le boisement et le reboisement au niveau mondial15.3 D’ici à 2030, lutter contre la désertification, restaurer les terres et sols dégradés, notamment les terres touchées par la désertification, la sécheresse et les inondations, et s’efforcer de parvenir à un monde sans dégradation des sols

    15.4 D’ici à 2030, assurer la préservation des écosystèmes montagneux, notamment de leur biodiversité, afin de mieux tirer parti de leurs bienfaits essentiels pour le développement durable

    15.5 Prendre d’urgence des mesures énergiques pour réduire la dégradation du milieu naturel, mettre un terme à l’appauvrissement de la biodiversité et, d’ici à 2020, protéger les espèces menacées et prévenir leur extinction

    15.6 Favoriser le partage juste et équitable des bénéfices découlant de l’utilisation des ressources génétiques et promouvoir un accès approprié à celles-ci, ainsi que cela a été décidé à l’échelle internationale

    15.7 Prendre d’urgence des mesures pour mettre un terme au braconnage et au trafic d’espèces végétales et animales protégées et s’attaquer au problème sous l’angle de l’offre et de la demande

    15.8 D’ici à 2020, prendre des mesures pour empêcher l’introduction d’espèces exotiques envahissantes, atténuer sensiblement les effets que ces espèces ont sur les écosystèmes terrestres et aquatiques et contrôler ou éradiquer les espèces prioritaires

    15.9 D’ici à 2020, intégrer la protection des écosystèmes et de la biodiversité dans la planification nationale, dans les mécanismes de développement, dans les stratégies de réduction de la pauvreté et dans la comptabilité

    15.a Mobiliser des ressources financières de toutes provenances et les augmenter nettement pour préserver la biodiversité et les écosystèmes et les exploiter durablement

    15.b Mobiliser d’importantes ressources de toutes provenances et à tous les niveaux pour financer la gestion durable des forêts et inciter les pays en développement à privilégier ce type de gestion, notamment aux fins de la préservation des forêts et du reboisement

    15.c Apporter, à l’échelon mondial, un soutien accru à l’action menée pour lutter contre le braconnage et le trafic d’espèces protégées, notamment en donnant aux populations locales d’autres moyens d’assurer durablement leur subsistance.

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  • 15_Why-it-Matters_Goal15__Life-on-Land_3p

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind.

Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

 

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future.

The Ocean Conference aimed to raise the profile of the many threats to the world’s oceans that are affecting people’s lives, ranging from land-based pollution to coral bleaching, overfishing, marine habitat degradation, ocean acidification and the impacts of climate change, as well as the importance of healthy oceans to sustainable  development and the achievement of the SDGs.
Facts and Figures
  • Oceans cover three quarters of the Earth’s surface, contain 97 per cent of the Earth’s water, and represent 99 per cent of the living space on the planet by volume
  • Over three billion people depend on marine and coastal biodiversity for their livelihoods
  • Globally, the market value of marine and coastal resources and industries is estimated at $3 trillion per year or about 5 per cent of global GDP
  • Oceans contain nearly 200,000 identified species, but actual numbers may lie in the millions
  • Oceans absorb about 30 per cent of carbon dioxide produced by humans, buffering the impacts of global warming
  • Oceans serve as the world’s largest source of protein, with more than 3 billion people depending on the oceans as their primary source of protein
  • Marine fisheries directly or indirectly employ over 200 million people
  • Subsidies for fishing are contributing to the rapid depletion of many fish species and are preventing efforts to save and restore global fisheries and related jobs, causing ocean fisheries to generate US$ 50 billion less per year than they could
  • As much as 40 per cent of the world oceans are heavily affected by human activities, including pollution, depleted fisheries, and loss of coastal habitats

Targets

  • By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
  • By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
  • Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
  • By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
  • By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
  • By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
  • By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
  • Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
  • Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
  • Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want.

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Colloquium on the 2018 World Press Freedom Day in Cameroon

“..the emergence of online media is advantageous but constitutes a danger when ethical norms are neglected…with the internet, anyone can become a journalist because it is open to all, with little or no control” was echoed by Mr. Ngankak Kizito, Director of Private Media Development at the Ministry of Communication (MINCOM), representing his Minister at the 2018 World Press Freedom Day commemorated in Cameroon through a colloquium organized by UNESCO, UNIC Yaounde and the Advanced school of Mass Communication (ASMAC) Yaounde. Event which held on “Keeping Power in Check: Media, Justice And The Rule Law” took place at ASMAC on 3 May 2018.

During the opening ceremony, Mr. Mputu Hilaire read the message of the Director General of UNESCO, followed by a video projection of the UNSG’s message by UNIC. In the message, Mr. Guterres called on “…governments to strengthen press freedom, and to protect journalist”.

 

The crux of the observance was the panel talk with the over 200 Journalism students and media professionals on the following sub-themes:

  • ·Press freedom, access to information and elections·
  • A judicial system in favor of free and assured journalism;·
  • Freedom of expression online: improve self-regulation.

UNIC’s NIO Jean Njita emphasized that the commemoration fell within the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, mostly Goal 16:  whereby “people everywhere need to be free of fear from all forms of violence and feel safe as they go about their lives whatever their ethnicity, faith or sexual orientation”. Mr Njita further stated that the 2018 WPFD will offer a renewed opportunity to address critical issues affecting online press freedom and further promote SDG16 (target16.10) on public access to information and protection of fundamental freedoms.

The Director of the Advanced School of Mass Communication (ASMAC) Yaounde; Professor Laurent-Charles Boyomo Assala harped that journalist are first to understand and follow the ethical deontology of the profession and that for press freedom to be effective, a clear sociological distinction must be made between a person of the press (professional) and the individual. To him, press freedom applies only to those with a professional qualification as journalist and not the individual. Professor Boyomo thus called on journalists to be conscious of their ethical limits, as defined by the law, when reporting, for information must be treated within the social norms of the profession without distorting facts.

Professor Claude-Bernard Assira, Senior Lecturer at the Catholic University of Central Africa disclosed that; a journalist is anyone who, based on his intellectual abilities, trained or untrained can collect and treat information destined for social communication, according to article 46 of the 1990 freedom law in Cameroon. To him, this law gives room for just anyone to get into the profession, as he further state that there is no press freedom in Cameroon, pointing out some cases of journalist who were wrongly prosecuted. He alarmed at the fact that “the judiciary system in Cameroon has been politicized, government authorities who in most cases are the complainant, use their positions in power to influence judges to pass judgment in their favor”. He thus called for an amendment of the laws, with new code of ethics elaborated and adopted for the journalism profession, as he once more reiterated the need for genuine freedom and security of journalist, as well as calling for a responsible journalism to avoid judicial issues.

Dr Baba Wame; a Cyber Journalist and lecturer in ASMAC reiterated that the internet has little or no control over contents published by individuals. He added that online information is mostly produced by the authors themselves which may not necessarily be credible. Dr Baba Wame said the unreliable and unsecured publication of social media content led to 3 historical events in the month of April 2018 amongst which was the summon of Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerburg by the American Senate for his failure to protect users’ data. He thus added that only a proper application of internet self-regulatory measures can give credibility and security to social media content and users, this by setting up of online ethical codes by social media communities.

During the question and answer session, questions asked with satisfactory answers from panelists included:

  •  It is possible for a journalist to faithfully carry out his professional duties given our political and economic context?
  •  Can we talk of press freedom in a profession where anyone can get into without training?
  •  Will the issue of auto regulation not hinder press freedom online?

Application for ECOSOC consultative status for the 2019 NGO Committee

Last Month – To apply for ECOSOC consultative status in order to be considered by the 2019 NGO Committee (Deadline: 1 June 2018 – Late submissions will not be accepted)

1 June 2018 is the last day for Non-Governmental Organizations to apply for consultative status with the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), in order to have an opportunity to take part in UN deliberations. ECOSOC consultative status is governed by ECOSOC resolution 1996/31, which outlines the eligibility requirements for consultative status, rights and obligations of NGOs in consultative status, procedures for the withdrawal or suspension of consultative status, the role and functions of the ECOSOC Committee on NGOs, and the responsibilities of the UN Secretariat in supporting the consultative relationship. Consultative status is granted by ECOSOC upon recommendation of the ECOSOC Committee on NGOs, which is composed by Member States.

Welcome Message from Mr. Marc-André Dorel, Acting Chief of the NGO Branch

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q8dhZXGb5Fg       English                                                      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P3KKmdiHpDQ     French

 

NEW: Webinar on applying for ECOSOC consultative status click here.

Who is eligible for applying? 

Consultative relationships may be established with international, regional, sub regional and national non-governmental, non-profit public or voluntary organizations. NGOs affiliated to an international organization already in status may be admitted provided that they can demonstrate that their programme of work has direct relevance to the aims and purposes of the United Nations.

To be eligible for consultative status, an NGO must have been in existence (officially registered with the appropriate government authorities as an NGO/non-profit) for at least two years, must have an established headquarters, a democratically adopted constitution, authority to speak for its members, a representative structure, appropriate mechanisms of accountability and democratic and transparent decision-making processes. The basic resources of the organization must be derived in the main part from contributions of the national affiliates or other components or from individual members.

What are the benefits? 

NGOs that are accredited with ECOSOC can participate in a number of events, including, but not limited to regular sessions of ECOSOC, its functional commissions and its other subsidiary bodies. NGOs may:

  • Attend official meetings;
  • Submit written statements prior to sessions;
  • Make oral statements;
  • Meet official government delegations and other NGO representatives;
  • Organize and attend parallel events that take place during the session;
  • Participate in debates, interactive dialogues, panel discussions and informal meetings.

Organizations established by governments or intergovernmental agreements are not considered NGOs.

For more information about ECOSOC Consultative status click here.

Objectif 13 : Prendre d’urgence des mesures pour lutter contre les changements climatiques et leurs répercussions

Les émissions de gaz à effet de serre engendrées par les activités humaines n’ont jamais été aussi élevées. Entraîné par la croissance économique et l’accroissement de la population, le changement climatique a des effets très étendus sur les systèmes humains et naturels dans tous les pays et sur tous les continents.

Avec le réchauffement de l’atmosphère et des océans, les quantités de neige et de glace ont diminué et le niveau des mers s’est élevé. La température à la surface de la Terre devrait augmenter au cours du XXIe siècle, et si des mesures ne sont pas prises, cette augmentation pourrait dépasser trois degrés Celsius pendant ce siècle.

Du fait des effets du changement climatique sur le développement économique, les ressources naturelles et la pauvreté, la lutte contre celui-ci est devenue un élément indissociable de la réalisation du développement durable. En trouvant des solutions abordables et modulables face au changement climatique, les progrès accomplis au cours des dernières décennies ne seront pas sapés par ce phénomène et les pays auront des économies saines et résilientes.

Faits et Chiffres

  • Entre 1880 et 2012, la température moyenne dans le monde a augmenté de 0,85 degré Celsius. Pour mettre cela en perspective, lorsque la température augmente d’un degré, la production de céréales diminue d’environ 5 %. Le maïs, le blé et les autres récoltes principales ont enregistré une diminution marquée de la production au niveau mondial s’élevant à 40 millions de tonnes par an entre 1981 et 2002 à cause du réchauffement climatique
  • Les océans se sont réchauffés, les quantités de neige et de glace ont diminué et le niveau des mers s’est élevé. Entre 1901 et 2010, le niveau moyen global de la mer a augmenté de 19 cm car les océans se sont élargis à cause du réchauffement et la glace a fondu. La banquise arctique s’est rétractée durant chaque décennie depuis 1979, la perte de banquise atteignant 1,07 millions de km² par décennie
  • Vu les concentrations actuelles et les émissions continuelles de gaz à effet de serre, tous les scénarios sauf un montrent qu’à la fin du siècle, l’augmentation de la température globale dépassera 1,5 degré Celsius par rapport à la période allant de 1850 à 1900. Le niveau moyen des mers devrait augmenter de 24 à 30 cm d’ici à 2065 et de 40 à 63 cm d’ici à 2100. La plupart des effets du changement climatique persisteront pendant de nombreux siècles même si l’on met fin aux émissions
  • Les émissions globales de dioxyde de carbone (CO2) ont augmenté de près de 50 % depuis 1990
  • Les émissions ont augmenté plus rapidement entre 2000 et 2010 que durant chacune des trois décennies précédentes
  • Il est encore possible, en utilisant tout un arsenal de mesures technologiques et de changements de comportement, de limiter à deux degrés Celsius l’augmentation de la température moyenne globale comparée aux niveaux préindustriels
  • Les principaux changements institutionnels et technologiques offriront de meilleures chances que jamais de limiter ainsi le réchauffement de la planète.

Cibles

13.1   Renforcer, dans tous les pays, la résilience et les capacités d’adaptation face aux aléas climatiques et aux catastrophes naturelles liées au climat

13.2   Incorporer des mesures relatives aux changements climatiques dans les politiques, les stratégies et la planification nationales

13.3   Améliorer l’éducation, la sensibilisation et les capacités individuelles et institutionnelles en ce qui concerne l’adaptation aux changements climatiques, l’atténuation de leurs effets et la réduction de leur impact et les systèmes d’alerte rapide

13.a   Mettre en œuvre l’engagement que les pays développés parties à la Convention-cadre des Nations Unies sur les changements climatiques ont pris de mobiliser ensemble auprès de multiples sources 100 milliards de dollars des États-Unis par an d’ici à 2020 pour répondre aux besoins des pays en développement en ce qui concerne les mesures concrètes d’atténuation et la transparence de leur mise en œuvre et rendre le Fonds vert pour le climat pleinement opérationnel en le dotant dans les plus brefs délais des moyens financiers nécessaires

13.b   Promouvoir des mécanismes de renforcement des capacités afin que les pays les moins avancés et les petits États insulaires en développement se dotent de moyens efficaces de planification et de gestion pour faire face aux changements climatiques, l’accent étant mis notamment sur les femmes, les jeunes, la population locale et les groupes marginalisés.

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