Category Archives: Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty.  The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction.  However, inequality still persists and large disparities remain in access to health and education services and other assets.

Additionally, while income inequality between countries may have been reduced, inequality within countries has risen. There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations.

Facts and Figures

  • On average—and taking into account population size—income inequality increased by 11 per cent in developing countries between 1990 and 2010
  • A significant majority of households in developing countries—more than 75 per cent of the population—are living today in societies where income is more unequally distributed than it was in the 1990s
  • Evidence shows that, beyond a certain threshold, inequality harms growth and poverty reduction, the quality of relations in the public and political spheres and individuals’ sense of fulfilment and self-worth
  • There is nothing inevitable about growing income inequality; several countries have managed to contain or reduce income inequality while achieving strong growth performance
  • Income inequality cannot be effectively tackled unless the underlying inequality of opportunities is addressed
  • In a global survey conducted by UN Development Programme, policy makers from around the world acknowledged that inequality in their countries is generally high and potentially a threat to long-term social and economic development
  • Evidence from developing countries shows that children in the poorest 20 per cent of the populations are still up to three times more likely to die before their fifth birthday than children in the richest quintiles
  • Social protection has been significantly extended globally, yet persons with disabilities are up to five times more likely than average to incur catastrophic health expenditures
  • Despite overall declines in maternal mortality in the majority of developing countries, women in rural areas are still up to three times more likely to die while giving birth than women living in urban centres.


  • By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
  • By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
  • Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
  • Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
  • Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations
  • Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions
  • Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies
  • Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements
  • Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes
  • By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent.



International Day of Happiness

Everyone deserves to be happy.

But how to be happy when you struggle to have something to eat, when your village is in danger because of climate change, when your future is in jeopardy by the lack of access to education or when you are being discriminated because of your gender, colour or religion?

With the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Goals (SDGs), the whole UN family is working to tackle these problems and to create a better world for each and everyone of us.

And have no doubt, a better world for all will be a happier one for everybody!

Join our cause and spread the word on today’s International Day of Happiness!

#HappinessDay #InternationalDayOfHappiness #Agenda2030 #SDGs#GlobalGoals

One UN stand to celebrate Cameroonian Youths on 06 February 2018 at the National Museum

The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Civic Education organized a “Youth village” as part of commemorative activities for the 52nd National Youth Day on “Youth, Multiculturalism, Peace and National Unity” at the national museum. The UN System mounted a stand with documents on the role of youths in achieving the SDGs, from UNIC, UNESCO, WHO, UNV, UNDP, UNICEF with UNFPA as lead.

UNFPA Representative Barbara Sow welcomed Minister Mounouna Foutsou to the UN Stand, stressing UN’s support to government’s determination in building a responsible youth.


UNIC’s Jean Njita and WHO’s Barbara Etoa presented UN‘s activities for youths, using key documents displayed on the stands, with some handed to the minister and his entourage.

This official launch of the youth village which brought over 1000 pupils, students, youth activist and promoters from different parts of the Centre region, grouped over 200 local and international institutions. Dance groups were also present to add pump, colour and fun to the event.

Panel Discussion on the 2018 International Women’s Day in Cameroon

UNIC Yaounde on behalf of the United Nations System in Cameroon organized a panel discussion on “Intensify the fight against discrimination on women: Strengthen partnership to speed up sustainable development” on Tuesday 6 February 2018 at the UNIC Conference Room. This talk had as main objective, the exchange of information with university students in development studies, and civil societies on concrete actions carried out by the UN system in Cameroon, towards empowering women and girls. 

Adama Moussa, Resident Representative of UNWOMEN emphasized the normative framework for the protection of women’s right, stating the four resolutions adopted by the UN to protect women such as: Violence against women, peace and security, Economic autonomy and political participation. Mr. Adama further harps on the fact that women representation should be specific, temporal and corrective in government positions and elections in order to attain UN’s gender parity policy. “The aim now is to have 30% of women integrated in each sector in Cameroon for operation gender 50/50 is a gradual process” he said. He insisted that the economic autonomy of women can be achieved only by promoting women to become economically and giving them equal opportunities and access to land and production.

Daniela Luciana, Head of Child Protection at UNICEF focusing on early marriages and other forms of traditional constraints on women, states that UNICEF mobilizes tools not only to work with the community on violence against women, but also to challenge norms and taboos against certain forms of violence practiced in the society. The more girls are educated, the less child marriage is experienced. Thus, UNICEF is working to improve girls’ education, so that they do not drop from school after primary education to get marry. She further added that according to the 2011 survey, statistics revealed that 50% of girls got married before the age of 18 in the Eastern and Adamawa regions, and 1 out of 3 at the national level and 80% of women and girls have been victims of sexual violence in which most cases happen at home and the perpetrators are always very close people that the victims know.

Abdoulaye Balde; Representative and Country Director of WFP, highlighted actions taken by WFP to economically empower the rural women; who are the backbone of food production, with skills to transform local produce into semi-finished or finished product.  Queuing with UNICEF’s policy of sending girls to school, Mr. Baldé added that WFP provides food to students in some areas of the northern part of Cameroon as an incentive for them to remain in school.

UNIC’s Jean Njita; who moderated the talks, called on participants to be ambassadors of change.  Quoting Memory Banda the 18-year-old Malawian, on child marriage, Mr. Njita stated that “Marriage is often the end for girls like me. But if our leaders invest in us and give us the chance to be educated, we will become women who create a better society for everyone.”

During the question and answer session, questions were asked such as:

  • With legal framework stated by UNWOMEN put in place in Cameroon, is there hope for women in Cameroon?
  • What actions have been taken by UNWomen against the rape cases by UN peacekeepers in the Central African Republic?
  • What is UNICEF doing to prevent early marriages?
  • Why are men the ones talking on women’s day etc.,

UNIC Yaounde provided information kits to the over 40 participants at the event containing: the UNSG’s message on IWD2018, brief history of the IWD, Africa Renewal on keeping girls in school, notebooks, etc… UNIC equally mobilized journalist who covered the panel discussions organized at UNIC conference room. Media organs represented included; Ariane TV, CRTV, Equinoxe Television, Cameroon Tribune, Vision4 Television, Le Messager etc…

UN Secretary-General Message on International Women’s Day (Scroll down for French Version)

New York, 8 March 2018

We are at a pivotal moment for women’s rights. The historical and structural inequalities that have allowed oppression and discrimination to flourish are being exposed like never before. From Latin America to Europe to Asia, on social media, on film sets, on the factory floor and in the streets, women are calling for lasting change and zero tolerance for sexual assault, harassment, and discrimination of all kinds.

Achieving gender equality and empowering women and girls is the unfinished business of our time, and the greatest human rights challenge in our world. The activism and advocacy of generations of women has borne fruit. There are more girls in school than ever before; more women are doing paid work and in senior roles in the private sector, academia, politics and in international organizations, including the United Nations. Gender equality is enshrined in countless laws, and harmful practices like female genital mutilation and child marriage have been outlawed in many countries.

But serious obstacles remain if we are to address the historic power imbalances that underpin discrimination and exploitation. More than a billion women around the world lack legal protection against domestic sexual violence. The global gender pay gap is 23 per cent, rising to 40 per cent in rural areas, and the unpaid work done by many women goes unrecognized. Women’s representation in national parliaments stands, on average, at less than one quarter, and in boardrooms it is even lower. Without concerted action, millions more girls will be subjected to genital mutilation over the next decade.

Where laws exist, they are often ignored, and women who pursue legal redress are doubted, denigrated and dismissed. We now know that sexual harassment and abuse have been thriving in workplaces, public spaces and private homes, in countries that pride themselves on their record of gender equality.

The United Nations should set an example for the world. I recognize that this has not always been the case. Since the start of my tenure last year, I have set change in motion at UN headquarters, in our peacekeeping missions and in all our offices worldwide.

We have now reached gender parity for the first time in my senior management team, and I am determined to achieve this throughout the organization. I am totally committed to zero tolerance of sexual harassment and have set out plans to improve reporting and accountability. We are working closely with countries around the world to prevent and address sexual exploitation and abuse by staff in peacekeeping missions, and to support victims.

We at the United Nations stand with women around the world as they fight to overcome the injustices they face – whether they are rural women dealing with wage discrimination, urban women organizing for change, women refugees at risk of exploitation and abuse, or women who experience intersecting forms of discrimination: widows, indigenous women, women with disabilities and women who do not conform to gender norms.

Women’s empowerment is at the heart of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Progress on the Sustainable Development Goals means progress for all women, everywhere. The Spotlight initiative launched jointly with the European Union will focus resources on eliminating violence against women and girls, a prerequisite for equality and empowerment. Let me be clear: this is not a favour to women. Gender equality is a human rights issue, but it is also in all our interests: men and boys, women and girls. Gender inequality and discrimination against women harms us all.

There is ample evidence that investing in women is the most effective way to lift communities, companies, and even countries. Women’s participation makes peace agreements stronger, societies more resilient and economies more vigorous. Where women face discrimination, we often find practices and beliefs that are detrimental to all. Paternity leave, laws against domestic violence and equal pay legislation benefit everyone. At this crucial moment for women’s rights, it is time for men to stand with women, listen to them and learn from them. Transparency and accountability are essential if women are to reach their full potential and lift all of us, in our communities, societies and economies.

I am proud to be part of this movement, and I hope it continues to resonate within the United Nations and around the world.


Nous vivons actuellement un moment décisif pour les droits des femmes. Les inégalités historiques et structurelles qui ont fait le lit de l’oppression et des discriminations n’ont jamais été dénoncées si unanimement. De l’Amérique latine à l’Europe en passant par l’Asie, sur les réseaux sociaux, les plateaux de cinéma, dans les usines et dans la rue, les femmes appellent à un changement durable et réclament la tolérance zéro à l’égard des agressions, de la discrimination et du harcèlement sexuels sous toutes leurs formes.

L’égalité des sexes et l’autonomisation des femmes et des filles sont les véritables gageures de notre époque et le plus grand défi que le monde ait à relever en matière de droits fondamentaux. Le militantisme et la persévérance de générations de femmes ont porté leurs fruits. Le nombre de filles scolarisées, de femmes ayant un emploi rémunéré et de femmes occupant des postes à haute responsabilité dans le secteur privé, les milieux universitaires, la sphère politique et les organisations internationales, y compris l’ONU, n’a jamais été aussi élevé. L’égalité des sexes est inscrite dans d’innombrables textes de loi, et les pratiques traditionnelles néfastes comme les mutilations génitales féminines et le mariage des enfants sont maintenant illégales dans de nombreux pays. Il nous reste toutefois de nombreux obstacles à franchir pour remédier aux inégalités ancestrales qui sont le creuset des discriminations et de l’exploitation.

À l’heure actuelle, dans le monde, plus d’un milliard de femmes ne sont pas protégées par la loi si elles venaient à subir des violences sexuelles dans leur foyer. L’écart de rémunération entre hommes et femmes est de 23 % à l’échelle mondiale. Il peut aller jusqu’à 40 % dans les zones rurales, et le travail non rémunéré que font de nombreuses femmes n’est pas reconnu. Les femmes occupent en moyenne moins d’un quart des sièges dans les parlements nationaux, et sont encore moins nombreuses dans les conseils d’administration. Si nous n’agissons pas ensemble, des millions de filles subiront des mutilations génitales dans les dix années à venir.

Là où des lois existent, elles sont souvent ignorées, et les femmes qui portent plainte sont discréditées, dénigrées et méprisées. Nous le savons désormais : le harcèlement et les atteintes sexuels sont monnaie courante sur les lieux de travail, dans l’espace public et dans les foyers, et ce, dans des pays qui se félicitent de leur bilan en matière d’égalité des sexes. L’Organisation des Nations Unies doit être un exemple pour le monde entier. Je reconnais que cela n’a pas toujours été le cas. Depuis que j’ai pris mes fonctions, l’an dernier, j’ai à cœur d’introduire le changement au Siège de l’Organisation des Nations Unies, dans nos missions de maintien de la paix et dans nos bureaux partout dans le monde.

Pour la première fois dans l’histoire de l’ONU, nous avons atteint la parité dans mon équipe dirigeante, et je suis résolu à faire appliquer cette parité à tous les niveaux de l’Organisation. Je soutiens sans réserve la politique de tolérance zéro à l’égard du harcèlement sexuel et j’ai lancé des initiatives visant à améliorer la procédure de signalement des cas et l’application du principe de responsabilité dans ce domaine. Nous travaillons en étroite collaboration avec les pays du monde entier pour prévenir et combattre l’exploitation et les atteintes sexuelles commises par des membres du personnel des missions de maintien de la paix et pour venir en aide aux victimes.

L’Organisation des Nations Unies soutient les femmes du monde entier dans leur combat contre les injustices qu’elles subissent, qu’il s’agisse de femmes du monde rural victimes de discrimination salariale, de citadines qui se mobilisent pour faire changer les choses, de femmes réfugiées exposées à l’exploitation et aux violences, ou de femmes qui doivent faire face à des formes conjuguées de discrimination : je pense ici aux veuves, aux femmes autochtones, aux femmes handicapées et à celles qui ne se conforment pas aux normes de genre.

L’autonomisation des femmes est au cœur du Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030. Tout progrès dans la réalisation des objectifs de développement durable est un progrès pour toutes les femmes, partout dans le monde. L’Initiative Spotlight, lancée en partenariat avec l’Union européenne, vise à allouer des ressources à l’élimination de la violence à l’égard des femmes et des filles, condition sine qua none de l’égalité des sexes et de l’autonomisation des femmes.

Je veux être très clair : il ne s’agit pas de privilégier les femmes ou de leur faire une faveur. L’égalité des sexes est non seulement une question de respect des droits fondamentaux, mais un progrès pour nous tous, femmes et hommes, filles et garçons. Les inégalités et la discrimination dont sont victimes les femmes nous sont néfastes à tous. Il est prouvé depuis longtemps qu’investir dans les femmes est le moyen le plus efficace de dynamiser les communautés, les entreprises et même les pays. La participation des femmes rend les accords de paix plus solides, les sociétés plus résilientes, la croissance économique plus vigoureuse. À l’inverse, là où les femmes sont victimes de discrimination, c’est souvent à cause de pratiques et de croyances qui nous nuisent à tous. Le congé de paternité, les lois contre la violence familiale et celles qui promeuvent l’égalité salariale sont un progrès pour l’humanité toute entière.

En ce moment décisif pour les droits des femmes, il est grand temps que les hommes se battent à leurs côtés, les écoutent et apprennent d’elles. Si l’on veut que les femmes puissent réaliser pleinement leur potentiel et tirer nos communautés, nos sociétés et nos économies vers le haut, il nous faut impérativement appliquer deux principes : celui de la transparence et celui de la responsabilité.

Je suis fier de participer à ce mouvement, et j’espère que le vent du changement continuera de souffler dans notre Organisation, et partout dans le monde.

Objectif 9 : Bâtir une infrastructure résiliente, promouvoir une industrialisation durable qui profite à tous et encourager l’innovation

Les investissements dans l’infrastructure – le transport, l’irrigation, l »énergie, les technologies de l »information et de la communication – sont essentiels pour parvenir au développement durable et à l »autonomisation des communautés dans de nombreux pays. On sait depuis longtemps que la croissance de la productivité, des revenus ainsi que les améliorations en matière de santé et d »éducation nécessitent des investissements dans les infrastructures.
Le développement industriel durable et inclusif est la source principale de création de revenus. Il permet une augmentation rapide et soutenue du niveau de vie de chacun et fournit des solutions technologiques pour une industrialisation respectueuse de l »environnement.
Le progrès technologique est à la base des efforts entrepris pour atteindre les objectifs environnementaux, tels que l’utilisation optimale des ressources et de l’énergie. Sans la technologie et l »innovation, il n’y aura pas d’industrialisation, et sans industrialisation, il n’y aura pas de développement.
Faits et Chiffres
  • Les infrastructures de base comme les routes, les technologies de l »information et de la communication, l »assainissement, l »énergie électrique et hydraulique, restent rares dans de nombreux pays en développement
  • Environ 2,6 milliard de personnes dans le monde ont des difficultés d’accès pour avoir un accès permanent à l’électricité
  • 2,5 milliards de personnes dans le monde n’ont pas accès aux installations sanitaires de base et près de 800 millions de personnes manquent d »eau, plusieurs centaines de millions d »entre elles habitant en Afrique subsaharienne et en Asie du Sud
  • 1 à 1,5 millions de personnes n’ont pas accès à des services téléphoniques fiables
  • La qualité des infrastructures est liée de façon positive à la réalisation des objectifs sociaux, économiques et politiques
  • Les infrastructures inadaptées entraînent une difficulté d’accès aux marchés, aux emplois, à l’information et à la formation, ce qui crée un obstacle majeur aux activités commerciales
  • Les infrastructures sous-développées limitent l’accès aux soins de santé et à l’éducation
  • Pour de nombreux pays africains, en particulier pour les pays à faible revenu, les contraintes existantes en matière d »infrastructures affectent la productivité des entreprises de près de 40%
  • Le secteur manufacturier est une importante source d’emplois, qui représentait près de 470 millions d’emplois dans le monde en 2009 – soit environ 16% des 2,9 milliards de travailleurs mondiaux. En 2013, on estime qu’il y avait plus d’un demi-milliard d’emplois dans le secteur manufacturier
  • L’industrialisation a un effet multiplicateur de l’emploi qui a un impact positif sur la société. Chaque emploi dans le secteur manufacturier crée 2,2 emplois dans d’autres secteurs
  • Les petites et moyennes entreprises engagées dans la transformation et la fabrication industrielles jouent un rôle crucial dans les premières phases de l’industrialisation et sont généralement les plus grandes créatrices d’emplois. Elles représentent plus de 90 % des entreprises mondiales et 50 à 60% de l’emploi
  • Dans les pays où des données sont disponibles, le nombre de personnes employées dans le secteur des énergies renouvelables est actuellement de 2,3 millions. Compte-tenu des lacunes actuelles en matière d’information, ce chiffre est sans aucun doute une estimation très prudente. En raison de l’intérêt croissant pour les énergies alternatives, le nombre total d’emploi dans les énergies renouvelables pourrait atteindre les 20 millions d’ici à 2030
  • Les pays les moins développés ont un immense potentiel pour l’industrialisation dans l’alimentation et la boisson (agro-industrie), les textiles et les vêtements, avec de bonnes perspectives pour stimuler la création d’emplois et la productivité
  • Les pays à revenu moyen peuvent tirer parti de leur intégration dans les industries métallurgiques et du travail des métaux car celles-ci offrent une gamme de produits qui répond à une demande internationale en pleine croissance
  • Dans les pays en développement, à peine 30% de la production agricole fait l’objet d’une transformation industrielle. Dans les pays à revenu élevé, ce chiffre s’élève à 98 %. Cela semble indiquer qu’il existe de grandes opportunités pour les pays en développement dans l’agro-industrie.
9.1 Mettre en place une infrastructure de qualité, fiable, durable et résiliente, y compris une infrastructure régionale et transfrontière, pour favoriser le développement économique et le bien-être de l’être humain, en mettant l’accent sur un accès universel, à un coût abordable et dans des conditions d’équité
9.2 Promouvoir une industrialisation durable qui profite à tous et, d’ici à 2030, augmenter nettement la contribution de l’industrie à l’emploi et au produit intérieur brut, en fonction du contexte national, et la multiplier par deux dans les pays les moins avancés
9.3 Accroître, en particulier dans les pays en développement, l’accès des entreprises, notamment des petites entreprises industrielles, aux services financiers, y compris aux prêts consentis à des conditions abordables, et leur intégration dans les chaînes de valeur et sur les marchés
9.4 D’ici à 2030, moderniser l’infrastructure et adapter les industries afin de les rendre durables, par une utilisation plus rationnelle des ressources et un recours accru aux technologies et procédés industriels propres et respectueux de l’environnement, chaque pays agissant dans la mesure de ses moyens
9.5 Renforcer la recherche scientifique, perfectionner les capacités technologiques des secteurs industriels de tous les pays, en particulier des pays en développement, notamment en encourageant l’innovation et en augmentant considérablement le nombre de personnes travaillant dans le secteur de la recherche et du développement pour 1 million d’habitants et en accroissant les dépenses publiques et privées consacrées à la recherche et au développement d’ici à 2030
9.a Faciliter la mise en place d’une infrastructure durable et résiliente dans les pays en développement en renforçant l’appui financier, technologique et technique apporté aux pays d’Afrique, aux pays les moins avancés, aux pays en développement sans littoral et aux petits États insulaires en développement
9.b Soutenir la recherche-développement et l’innovation technologiques nationales dans les pays en développement, notamment en instaurant des conditions propices, entre autres, à la diversification industrielle et à l’ajout de valeur aux marchandises
9.c Accroître nettement l’accès aux technologies de l’information et de la communication et faire en sorte que tous les habitants des pays les moins avancés aient accès à Internet à un coût abordable d’ici à 2020.

At leaders forum in Belarus, deputy UN chief urges concrete action on Global Goals

United Nations/Egor Dubrovsky
Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed (left) addresses the media at a press conference in Minsk, Belarus.

21 February 2018

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is the most ambitious, universal, people-centred and planet-sensitive set of goals and targets ever conceived by the United Nations, Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed told a regional leaders forum in Belarus on Wednesday.

Speaking in Minsk at the Regional SDGs Coordination Leaders Forum, ‘Building a partnership to underpin national sustainable development solutions,’ Ms. Mohammed said translating the Agenda into concrete Action is one of her top priorities and dubbed the framework’s associated Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) “the global community’s roadmap to transform our world.”

She saw the meeting as an excellent opportunity to discuss implementation challenges, exchange best practices and explore new partnership modalities to advance the global goals.

“Our efforts to leave no one behind will be a test of our common vision, resolve and ingenuity,” she stressed.

Ms. Mohammed emphasized that a whole-of-government and whole-of-society approach must become the new norm – with meaningful multi-stakeholder partners central in designing, implementing, financing and evaluating development solutions.

Noting some positive trends and successful initiatives since the 2030 Agenda’s adoption, she stated that the SDGs were being implemented at global, regional, national, city and community levels, in developed and developing countries alike, “reflecting its universality in ownership and scope.”

“More concrete efforts are needed to leverage the capacities, networks, skills and resources of civil society, the private sector, academia, statistical bodies, local community associations and youth groups,” she added.

Ms. Mohammed outlined three key points, beginning with the SDGs need for “governments to go beyond traditional development programmes to tackle the complexity of the 2030 Agenda through integrated approaches, attuned to specific contexts.”

She listed a number of measures underway to help move the agenda forward, including governments incorporating the global goals into national plans and legislative frameworks.

United Nations/Egor Dubrovsky
Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed addresses the Regional SDGs Coordination Leaders Forum in Minsk, Belarus., by United Nations/Egor Dubrovsky


“Achieving these goals will require defining new national pathways and priorities, and mobilizing the necessary financing, technology and expertise,” she asserted.

According to the UN deputy chief, the second key point is the importance of partnerships, saying “small and medium enterprises are slowly coming on board and need to be supported as they play a major role in most economies.”

Ms. Mohammad called fiscal incentives and enabling environments “game-changers” for governments, underlining the importance of long-term investing that price longer-term risks in sustainable development.

She called a data revolution, the third point, “the lynchpin” to ensure that programmes and interventions are targeting the poor and most vulnerable and marginalized communities and regions.

“Without high quality data, providing the right information on the right things at the right time, designing, financing, monitoring and evaluating effective policies is almost impossible,” she stated.

“Governments need to begin integrating different but comparable data sources; explore citizen-generated data to supplement national statistics; link evidence-based policy planning to financing the SDGs; and integrate data from the private sector, academia and civil society, particularly where indicators are not available from existing systems,” she elaborated.

The empowerment of youth and gender equality are also game changers, Ms. Mohammad continued, underscoring the need to address the issues of rights, voice and participation of women and the youth in the design and implementation of policy choices.

In closing, she maintained that together, “we can strengthen partnerships to achieve our shared ambition: an inclusive, equitable, prosperous and sustainable world, for everyone.”

Goal 8: Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all

Roughly half the world’s population still lives on the equivalent of about US$2 a day. And in too many places, having a job doesn’t guarantee the ability to escape from poverty. This slow and uneven progress requires us to rethink and retool our economic and social policies aimed at eradicating poverty.

A continued lack of decent work opportunities, insufficient investments and under-consumption lead to an erosion of the basic social contract underlying democratic societies: that all must share in progress. . The creation of quality jobs will remain a major challenge for almost all economies well beyond 2015.

Sustainable economic growth will require societies to create the conditions that allow people to have quality jobs that stimulate the economy while not harming the environment. Job opportunities and decent working conditions are also required for the whole working age population.

Facts and Figures

  • Global unemployment increased from 170 million in 2007 to nearly 202 million in 2012, of which about 75 million are young women and men.
  • Nearly 2.2 billion people live below the US$2 poverty line and that poverty eradication is only possible through stable and well-paid jobs.
  • 470 million jobs are needed globally for new entrants to the labour market between 2016 and 2030.


  • Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries
  • Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors
  • Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services
  • Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, with developed countries taking the lead
  • By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
  • By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training
  • Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms
  • Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment
  • By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
  • Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all
  • Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-Related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries
  • By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization.

#SDGLive at #WEF18: Using Blockchain to Advance the Global Goals

#SDGLive at #WEF18: Responsible Business and the SDGs

#SDGLive at #WEF18: Digital Technology and Trade for Global Growth

#SDGLive at #WEF18: Achieving Parity



Objectif 8 : Promouvoir une croissance économique soutenue, partagée et durable, le plein emploi productif et un travail décent pour tous

Objectif 7 : Garantir l’accès de tous à des services énergétiques fiables, durables et modernes, à un coût abordable

L’énergie est au centre de presque tous les défis majeurs, mais aussi des perspectives prometteuses, qui se présentent au monde aujourd’hui. Qu’il s’agisse d’emplois, de sécurité, de changement climatique, de production de nourriture ou d’accroissement des revenus, l’accès de tous à l’énergie est essentiel.

L’énergie durable est une opportunité pour transformer les vies, les économies et la planète.

Le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, Ban Ki-moon, conduit l’initiative Energie durable pour tous, qui vise à assurer un accès universel aux services énergétiques modernes, améliorer les rendements énergétiques et accroître l’utilisation des sources d’énergie renouvelables.

Faits et Chiffres

  • Une personne sur cinq n’a pas accès à l’électricité moderne.
  • 3 milliards de personnes dépendent du bois, du charbon ou des déchets animaux pour la cuisson et le chauffage.
  • L’énergie est le principal facteur contribuant au changement climatique, ce qui représente environ 60 pour cent des émissions mondiales de gaz à effet de serre
  • Réduire l’intensité du carbone dans la production de l’énergie est une cible-clef des objectifs climatiques à long terme.


7.1 D’ici à 2030, garantir l’accès de tous à des services énergétiques fiables et modernes, à un coût abordable,

7.2 D’ici à 2030, accroître nettement la part de l’énergie renouvelable dans le bouquet énergétique mondial,

7.3 D’ici à 2030, multiplier par deux le taux mondial d’amélioration de l’efficacité énergétique,

7.a D’ici à 2030, renforcer la coopération internationale en vue de faciliter l’accès à la recherche et aux technologies relatives à l’énergie propre, notamment l’énergie renouvelable, l’efficacité énergétique et les nouvelles technologies relatives aux combustibles fossiles propres, et promouvoir l’investissement dans l’infrastructure énergétique et les technologies relatives à l’énergie propre,

7.b D’ici à 2030, développer l’infrastructure et améliorer la technologie afin d’approvisionner en services énergétiques modernes et durables tous les habitants des pays en développement, en particulier des pays les moins avancés, des petits États insulaires en développement et des pays en développement sans littoral, dans le respect des programmes d’aide qui les concernent.




Goal 6: Ensure access to water and sanitation for all

Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in. There is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. But due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, every year millions of people, most of them children, die from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.

Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities for poor families across the world. Drought afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition.

By 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water.

Facts and Figures

  • 2.6 billion people have gained access to improved drinking water sources since 1990, but 663 million people are still without
  • At least 1.8 billion people globally use a source of drinking water that is fecally contaminated
  • Between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of the global population using an improved drinking water source has increased from 76 per cent to 91 per cent
  • But water scarcity affects more than 40 per cent of the global population and is projected to rise. Over 1.7 billion people are currently living in river basins where water use exceeds recharge
  • 2.4 billion people lack access to basic sanitation services, such as toilets or latrines
  • More than 80 per cent of wastewater resulting from human activities is discharged into rivers or sea without any pollution removal
  • Each day,nearly 1,000 children die due to preventable water and sanitation-related  diarrhoeal diseases
  • Hydropower is the most important and widely-used renewable source of energy and as of 2011, represented 16 per cent of total electricity production worldwide
  • Approximately 70 per cent of all water abstracted from rivers, lakes and aquifers is used for irrigation
  • Floods and other water-related disasters account for 70 per cent of all deaths related to natural disasters.


  • By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
  • By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
  • By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
  • By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
  • By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
  • By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes
  • By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies
  • Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management.



COP23: Mariet Verhoef-Cohen on how water connects