Joint Statement : A race against trends

Statement by UNFPA Executive Director, Dr. Natalia Kanem, and UNICEF Executive Director, Henrietta H. Fore on International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation

NEW YORK, 6 February 2018 – “Female genital mutilation is many things: A violent act that causes infection, disease, childbirth complications, and even death. A cruel practice that inflicts lasting emotional harm and preys on the most vulnerable, least powerful members of society – girls between infancy and age 15. A violation of human rights that both reflects and perpetuates the low status of girls and women in too many places. A drag on the well-being of communities and economies.

“Yet it is also something that can be stopped.

“Around the world, momentum to eliminate female genital mutilation is building. Political will, community engagement, and targeted investment are changing practices and changing lives.

“In countries where UNFPA and UNICEF work jointly to end female genital mutilation, girls are one third less likely to undergo this harmful practice today than they were in 1997. More than 25 million people in some 18,000 communities across 15 countries have publicly disavowed the practice since 2008. Globally, its prevalence has declined by nearly a quarter since around 2000.

“This is good for girls and young women themselves; it is also good for their families and communities. Girls who are not subjected to the practice tend to grow up to be healthier and have healthier children. They are often better educated, earn higher incomes and are more empowered to make decisions about their own lives. Communities and countries that confront the harmful practice and commit to changing it reap commensurate benefits.

“This is the good news. Yet population trends in some of the world’s poorest countries where female genital mutilation persists threaten to roll back our progress.

“By 2030, more than a third of all births worldwide will be in the 30 countries where female genital mutilation is practiced. Without accelerated progress to protect the growing number of girls at risk of this harmful practice in these countries, millions of girls could be cut by 2030.

“It is unconscionable that these girls should be added to the 200 million women and girls in the world today who have already endured female genital mutilation. Who already bear the scars, or suffer related complications, or relive harsh memories of pain and betrayal. Nobody – not the girls, their families or communities – benefits economically or socially in unequal societies where such violence against girls is accepted.

“We know how to change this. We have seen that rates of female genital mutilation can drop rapidly in places where the issue is taken on wholeheartedly – by governments, by communities, by families. Where social norms are confronted, village by village. Where medical professionals come together to oppose the practice and refuse to perform it. Where laws are enacted to make it a crime – and where those laws are enforced. Where wider access to health, education, and legal services ensure sustainable change. Where girls and women are protected and empowered to make their voices heard.

“The Sustainable Development Goals recognize that female genital mutilation undermines progress towards a more equal, just, and prosperous world. They set an ambitious target of eliminating all such harmful practices against girls and women by 2030.

“Given the rising number of girls at risk, this is a race against trends. But with increased investment and redoubled political commitment, with greater community engagement and more empowered women and girls, it is a race that can be won. And because it can, it must.

“It is high time to eliminate female genital mutilation from the face of the earth forever. It is a task for all of us, and for our common future.”


UN peacekeeping: Service and sacrifice

Peacekeepers serving under the UN flag work in difficult and dangerous environments, risking their lives to protect some of the world’s most vulnerable people.

Since 1948, more than a million women and men have served as UN peacekeepers. Every day, they make a tangible difference in the lives of millions of the world’s most vulnerable people, and every day they save lives. In places like the Central African Republic and South Sudan, our peacekeepers protect civilians against violent attacks and support the delivery of crucial humanitarian assistance.

Secretary-General | 16 January 2018 
I thank our troop- and police-contributing countries for their generosity, and pay tribute to all personnel who have given their lives in the line of duty.

Peacekeeping is a unique force for good, with military and police personnel from over 120 countries serving together, alongside civilian colleagues. Our peacekeepers come from diverse cultures and speak different languages, but share a common purpose: the protection of vulnerable communities and the provision of support to countries struggling to move from conflict to peace. We ask peacekeepers and their families to make great sacrifices. They serve at great personal risk and in harsh conditions. Tragically some make the ultimate sacrifice – over 3,500 peacekeepers have lost their lives in the cause of peace.

  • Peacekeepers make great sacrifices. They serve at great personal risk and under harsh conditions. Many have paid with their lives. The families of peacekeepers share that sacrifice.
    • Peacekeepers perform acts of courage and compassion every day. They are the best chance for peace and decency – the very goals of the Sustainable Development Goals — for some of the world’s most vulnerable people.
    • It is the commitment of troop contributing countries that allows peacekeeping to happen.
    • Peacekeeping is a partnership that depends on its partners for the success of this shared endeavour.

Gladys Ngwepekeum Nkeh is a United Nations police officer from Cameroon, one of some 12,870 uniformed personnel working with the UN peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic. Earlier this year, the officer and her team went to a school – Ecole des 136 villas – in Bangui looking for a young girl who she found out from community leaders had been raped and became pregnant.

Objectif 5 : Parvenir à l’égalité des sexes et autonomiser toutes les femmes et les filles

Des progrès ont été accomplis dans le monde entier en matière d’égalité des sexes dans le cadre de la réalisation des objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement (notamment l’égalité d’accès à l’enseignement primaire pour les filles et les garçons), mais les femmes et les filles continuent de pâtir de discrimination et de violences dans toutes les régions du monde.

L’égalité des sexes n’est pas seulement un droit fondamental de la personne, mais aussi un fondement nécessaire pour l’instauration d’un monde pacifique, prospère et durable.

Garantir l’égalité d’accès des femmes et des filles à l’éducation, aux soins de santé, à un travail décent et à la représentation dans les processus de prise de décisions politiques et économiques nourrira l’instauration d’économies durables et sera bénéfique aux sociétés et à l’ensemble de l’humanité.

Faits et Chiffres

  • Environ les deux tiers des pays des régions en développement ont atteint l’égalité des sexes dans l’enseignement primaire.
  • En Asie du Sud, en 1990, seulement 74 filles ont été inscrites à l’école primaire pour 100 garçons qui l’ont été. En 2012, les taux de scolarisation étaient identiques pour les filles et les garçons.
  • En Afrique subsaharienne, en Océanie et en Asie occidentale, les filles rencontrent encore des obstacles pour entrer à l’école primaire et secondaire.
  • En Afrique du Nord, les femmes représentent moins de 20% de l’emploi salarié dans le secteur non agricole. Dans le reste du monde, la proportion de femmes dans l’emploi salarié hors secteur agricole a augmenté de 35% en 1990 à 41% en 2015.
  • Dans 46 pays, les femmes occupent aujourd’hui plus de 30 % des sièges dans au moins une chambre du Parlement national.


5.1 Mettre fin, dans le monde entier, à toutes les formes de discrimination à l’égard des femmes et des filles

5.2 Éliminer de la vie publique et de la vie privée toutes les formes de violence faite aux femmes et aux filles, y compris la traite et l’exploitation sexuelle et d’autres types d’exploitation

5.3 Éliminer toutes les pratiques préjudiciables, telles que le mariage des enfants, le mariage précoce ou forcé et la mutilation génitale féminine.

5.4 Faire une place aux soins et travaux domestiques non rémunérés et les valoriser, par l’apport de services publics, d’infrastructures et de politiques de protection sociale et la promotion du partage des responsabilités dans le ménage et la famille, en fonction du contexte national.

5.5 Garantir la participation entière et effective des femmes et leur accès en toute égalité aux fonctions de direction à tous les niveaux de décision, dans la vie politique, économique et publique.

5.6 Assurer l’accès de tous aux soins de santé sexuelle et procréative et faire en sorte que chacun puisse exercer ses droits en matière de procréation, ainsi qu’il a été décidé dans le Programme d’action de la Conférence internationale sur la population et le développement et le Programme d’action de Beijing et les documents finals des conférences d’examen qui ont suivi.

5.a Entreprendre des réformes visant à donner aux femmes les mêmes droits aux ressources économiques, ainsi qu’à l’accès à la propriété et au contrôle des terres et d’autres formes de propriété, aux services financiers, à l’héritage et aux ressources naturelles, dans le respect du droit interne.

5.b Renforcer l’utilisation des technologies clefs, en particulier l’informatique et les communications, pour promouvoir l’autonomisation des femmes.

5.c Adopter des politiques bien conçues et des dispositions législatives applicables en faveur de la promotion de l’égalité des sexes et de l’autonomisation de toutes les femmes et de toutes les filles à tous les niveaux et renforcer celles qui existent.



Gender equality and women’s empowerment

Holocaust Remembrance Day Commemorated in Yaounde, Cameroon

“I lived to see my father wake up sometimes screaming in the night out of trauma from atrocities and torture of the holocaust”.   H.E Ran Gidor; Ambassador of Israel to Cameroon and the Central African Republic,        

The 2018 Holocaust Remembrance Day was commemorated in Cameroon on 26 January through an educational outreach event organized by UNIC Yaounde, on the theme: “Holocaust Remembrance and Education: Our Shared Responsibility”, with students of Lycee Bilingue de Nkol-Eton and English High School, Yaounde.

  1. Panel discussion on the theme

UNIC’s NIO; Jean Njita emphasized that youths are a privileged segment ,because they are the most exposed to discriminatory ideas on the internet and the social media. “Increasing students’ awareness of the power of technology and the use that can be made of it is another way of addressing contemporary problems of human rights violations… given the profound changes in technology in recent years…

His Excellency Ran Gidor; Ambassador of Israel to Cameroon and the Central African Republic, reiterated everyone’s commitment in advocating for peace, as he narrated the story of his father who experienced the war at the age of 10 and who till date still have scars of the Holocaust. He pointed out that genocide generally stems from hate, differentiation and racism either against religion, race, culture, looks, social status, and further encouraged youths to denounce such vices and called for tolerance.  He emphasized “I lived to see my father wake up sometimes screaming in the night out of trauma from atrocities and torture of the holocaust

2. Film screening the « Children of the Holocaust »,

Participants watched the UNSG’s video message for the 2018 observance, followed by the screening of the movie titled: “Children of the Holocaust”, a 51-minute British film which combines animation and interviews with the elderly survivors who recount their childhood experiences of Nazi atrocities, their escape from occupied mainland Europe to Britain and the impact that this had on their lives.

3. Poster Exhibition on the «Butterfly project: Remembering the Children of the Holocaust»

There was also the exhibition of set of 14 posters (in English and French) on the “Butterfly project: Remembering the Children of the Holocaust”. The exhibition outlines the impact of the Holocaust on children, and showcases an educational initiative called The Butterfly Project, to teach this history to young people, encourage them to remember the 1.5 million children who perished and to stand up against hatred and prejudice.

Note to Correspondents on the findings of the Central African Republic Special Investigation

24 January 2018 On 13 November 2017, the Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, Jean-Pierre Lacroix, announced an independent Special Investigation led by Brigadier General (rtd) Fernand Amoussou (Benin) into a number of incidents in the southeast of the Central African Republic that occurred between 1 May and 31 August 2017. Members of the multi-disciplinary investigation team included human rights, protection of civilians, legal and political experts.

The security situation in the southeast of the Central African Republic deteriorated in May 2017, with increased attacks against civilians, humanitarian actors as well as peacekeepers belonging to the United Nations Mission deployed in the country (MINUSCA).

The investigation looked into attacks against civilians by armed groups that occurred in close proximity to a presence of MINUSCA in Haute-Kotto, Basse-Kotto, Mbomou, and Haut-Mbomou prefectures as well as the Mission’s response to these incidents. The investigation report was submitted to DPKO and DFS on 15 December 2017. General Amoussou provided recommendations to improve MINUSCA’s ability to protect civilians under imminent threat of violence in areas where it is deployed.

The Special Investigation held consultations and interviews in New York and in the Central African Republic with relevant interlocutors and stakeholders, including local authorities, civil society, witnesses and victims, Security Council members, troop- and police- contributing countries, MINUSCA personnel and humanitarian partners and reviewed a wide range of reports and documents related to the incidents.

Among the main findings were:
·        The Mission has a well-established protection of civilians strategy and functioning early warning mechanisms. However, in the cases investigated, these did not translate into preventive actions and there were deficiencies in civil-military-police planning, and operations, particularly at the field level. 
·        A number of gaps were identified with regard to T/PCCs training and their understanding of protection of civilians. 
·        No evidence was found that any of the Mission’s contingents in the southeast had acted in a partial manner towards certain armed groups or communities. 

General Amoussou offered a number of recommendations for United Nations Headquarters (UNHQ) and MINUSCA and troop- and police- contributing countries, including:
·        MINUSCA should review its protection of civilians strategy to ensure that its operational response is better aligned to and supported by its political engagement and that the Mission’s civilian components are more proactively involved.
·        UNHQ should develop and strengthen tools to address shortcomings and engage troop-and police-contributing countries with performance gaps to ensure a better operational readiness. 
·        UNHQ and MINUSCA, in collaboration with troop-and police-contributing countries, should review pre-deployment and in-Mission training to ensure proper understanding of protection of civilians requirements, with an emphasis on the role of commanders and senior leadership. 

Goal 4: Ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning

Obtaining a quality education is the foundation to improving people’s lives and sustainable development. Major progress has been made towards increasing access to education at all levels and increasing enrolment rates in schools particularly for women and girls. Basic literacy skills have improved tremendously, yet bolder efforts are needed to make even greater strides for achieving universal education goals. For example, the world has achieved equality in primary education between girls and boys, but few countries have achieved that target at all levels of education.

Facts and Figures

  • Enrolment in primary education in developing countries has reached 91 per cent but 57 million children remain out of school
  • More than half of children that have not enrolled in school live in sub-Saharan Africa
  • An estimated 50 per cent of out-of-school children of primary school age live in conflict-affected areas
  • 103 million youth worldwide lack basic literacy skills, and more than 60 per cent of them are women

Goal 4 Target

  • By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and Goal-4 effective learning outcomes
  • By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and preprimary education so that they are ready for primary education
  • By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university
  • By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship
  • By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations
  • By 2030, ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy
  • By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development
  • Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, nonviolent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all
  • By 2020, substantially expand globally the number of scholarships available to developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and African countries, for enrolment in higher education, including vocational training and information and communications technology, technical, engineering and scientific programmes, in developed countries and other developing countries
  • By 2030, substantially increase the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially least developed countries and small island developing states.



Objectif 3 : Permettre à tous de vivre en bonne santé et promouvoir le bien-être de tous à tout âge

Donner les moyens de vivre une vie saine et promouvoir le bien-être de tous à tous les âges est essentiel pour le développement durable. Des progrès sensibles ont été accomplis dans l’accroissement de l’espérance de vie et la réduction de certaines causes majeures de la mortalité infantile et maternelle. Des progrès notables ont été accomplis dans l’amélioration de l’accès à l’eau salubre et à l’assainissement, la réduction du paludisme, de la tuberculose, de la poliomyélite de la propagation du VIH/sida. Toutefois, il faut faire beaucoup plus pour éradiquer un large éventail de maladies et s’occuper de nombreuses questions de santé fort différentes, persistantes ou nouvelles.
Faits et Chiffres

Santé infantile

  • Le nombre de décès d’enfants de moins de 5 ans est passé de 12,7 millions en 1990 à 6,3 millions en 2013, ce qui correspond à une baisse journalière de 17000 décès
  • Depuis 2000, les vaccins contre la rougeole ont permis d’éviter plus de 15,6 millions de décès
  • Alors que le taux de mortalité des enfants de moins de cinq ans a baissé dans son ensemble, la proportion des décès est en augmentation en Afrique Subsaharienne et en Asie du Sud. 4 décès sur 5 d’enfants ayant moins de 5 ans ont lieu dans ces régions
  • Le risque de décès est également plus élevé en zone rurale et dans les ménages les plus pauvres
  • L’éducation de la mère demeure un puissant déterminant d’inégalité : les enfants de mères éduquées ont plus de chances de survivre que les enfants de mères sans éducation.

Santé maternelle

  • Le taux de mortalité maternelle a diminué de 45% depuis 1990
  • En Asie de l’Est, Asie du Sud et en Afrique du Nord, la mortalité maternelle a baissé de 2/3
  • Le taux de mortalité maternelle est 15 fois plus élevé dans les pays en développement que dans les pays développés
  • La proportion d’accouchements pratiqués en présence d’un personnel qualifié (médecin, infirmière ou sage-femme) est passée de 56% en 1990 à 68% en 2012
  • La moitié seulement des femmes dans les régions en développement ont bénéficié du
    minimum recommandé de soins de santé
  • Moins d’adolescents ont des enfants dans la plupart des régions en développement, mais les progrès ont ralenti. La forte augmentation de l’utilisation des contraceptifs dans les années 1990 n’a pas été suivie dans les années 2000
  • Les besoins de planification familiale sont progressivement satisfaits pour plus de femmes, mais la demande augmente à un rythme rapide

VIH/sida, paludisme et autres maladies

  • Fin 2014, 13,6 millions de personnes avaient accès à la thérapie antirétrovirale
  • En 2013, on estimait à 2,1 millions le nombre de nouvelles infections au VIH, soit 38% de moins qu » »en 2001
  • Le nombre de personnes dans le monde vivant avec le VIH était d »environ 35 millions fin 2013
  • Fin 2013, 240 000 enfants étaient nouvellement infectés par le VIH
  • Depuis 2001 les nouvelles infections à VIH chez les enfants ont diminué de 58%
  • Les adolescentes et les jeunes femmes sont confrontées à des inégalités fondées sur le sexe, l » »exclusion, la discrimination et la violence, qui les exposent à un risque accru de contracter le VIH
  • Le VIH est la principale cause de décès chez les femmes en âge de procréer dans le monde
  • Depuis 2004, les décès liés à la tuberculose chez les personnes vivant avec le VIH ont chuté de 36%
  • En 2013, 250 000 nouvelles infections au VIH ont été enregistrées chez les adolescents, dont les deux tiers étaient des filles
  • Le sida est désormais la principale cause de décès chez les adolescents (10-19 ans) en Afrique et la deuxième cause la plus fréquente de décès chez les adolescents à l »échelle mondiale
  • Dans de nombreux milieux, le droit à la vie privée et à l »autonomie corporelle des adolescentes n »est pas respecté. Beaucoup d »adolescentes déclarent que leur première expérience sexuelle était forcée
  • En 2013, 2,1 millions d » »adolescents vivaient avec le VIH
  • Entre 2012 et 2013, plus de 6,2 millions de décès liés au paludisme, principalement chez les enfants de moins de cinq ans en Afrique sub-saharienne ont été évités. Le taux mondial du paludisme a diminué de 37% et la mortalité de 58%
  • Entre 2000 et 2013, la prévention de la tuberculose, ainsi que le diagnostic et le traitement, a sauvé environ 37 millions de vies. Le taux de mortalité de la tuberculose a chuté de 45% et le taux de prévalence de 41% entre 1990 et 2013.

Woman in a very happy mood in Dili beside a graffiti representing the sun.

  • 3.1 D’ici à 2030, faire passer le taux mondial de mortalité maternelle au-dessous de 70 pour 100 000 naissances vivantes3.2 D’ici à 2030, éliminer les décès évitables de nouveau-nés et d’enfants de moins de 5 ans, tous les pays devant chercher à ramener la mortalité néonatale à 12 pour 1 000 naissances vivantes au plus et la mortalité des enfants de moins de 5 ans à 25 pour 1 000 naissances vivantes au plus3.3 D’ici à 2030, mettre fin à l’épidémie de sida, à la tuberculose, au paludisme et aux maladies tropicales négligées et combattre l’hépatite, les maladies transmises par l’eau et autres maladies transmissibles

    3.4 D’ici à 2030, réduire d’un tiers, par la prévention et le traitement, le taux de mortalité prématurée due à des maladies non transmissibles et promouvoir la santé mentale et le bien-être

    3.5 Renforcer la prévention et le traitement de l’abus de substances psychoactives, notamment de stupéfiants et d’alcool

    3.6 D’ici à 2020, diminuer de moitié à l’échelle mondiale le nombre de décès et de blessures dus à des accidents de la route

    3.7 D’ici à 2030, assurer l’accès de tous à des services de soins de santé sexuelle et procréative, y compris à des fins de planification familiale, d’information et d’éducation, et la prise en compte de la santé procréative dans les stratégies et programmes nationaux

    3.8 Faire en sorte que chacun bénéficie d’une couverture sanitaire universelle, comprenant une protection contre les risques financiers et donnant accès à des services de santé essentiels de qualité et à des médicaments et vaccins essentiels sûrs, efficaces, de qualité et d’un coût abordable

    3.9 D’ici à 2030, réduire nettement le nombre de décès et de maladies dus à des substances chimiques dangereuses et la pollution et à la contamination de l’air, de l’eau et du sol

    3.a Renforcer dans tous les pays, selon qu’il convient, l’application de la Convention-cadre de l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé pour la lutte antitabac

    3.b Appuyer la recherche et la mise au point de vaccins et de médicaments contre les maladies, transmissibles ou non, qui touchent principalement les habitants des pays en développement, donner accès, à un coût abordable, à des médicaments et vaccins essentiels, conformément à la Déclaration de Doha sur l’Accord sur les ADPIC et la santé publique, qui réaffirme le droit qu’ont les pays en développement de tirer pleinement parti des dispositions de l’Accord sur les aspects des droits de propriété intellectuelle qui touchent au commerce relatives à la marge de manœuvre nécessaire pour protéger la santé publique et, en particulier, assurer l’accès universel aux médicaments

    3.c Accroître considérablement le budget de la santé et le recrutement, le perfectionnement, la formation et le maintien en poste du personnel de santé dans les pays en développement, notamment dans les pays les moins avancés et les petits États insulaires en développement

    3.d Renforcer les moyens dont disposent tous les pays, en particulier les pays en développement, en matière d’alerte rapide, de réduction des risques et de gestion des risques sanitaires nationaux et mondiaux.

  • ENGLISH_Why_it_Matters_Goal_3_Health

Sustainable Development Goal Number 2: Zero Hunger

Goal 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. It is time to rethink how we grow, share and consume our food.

If done right, agriculture, forestry and fisheries can provide nutritious food for all and generate decent incomes, while supporting people-centred rural development and protecting the environment.

Right now, our soils, freshwater, oceans, forests and biodiversity are being rapidly degraded. Climate change is putting even more pressure on the resources we depend on, increasing risks associated with disasters such as droughts and floods. Many rural women and men can no longer make ends meet on their land, forcing them to migrate to cities in search of opportunities.

A profound change of the global food and agriculture system is needed if we are to nourish today’s 795 million hungry and the additional 2 billion people expected by 2050.

The food and agriculture sector offers key solutions for development, and is central for hunger and poverty eradication.

Do you know that 500 million small farms worldwide provide up to 80% of the food consumed in a large part of the developing world. Investing in smallholder women and men is an important way to 📷⬆️ food security and nutrition for the poorest, as well as food production for local and global markets.

Facts and Figures
  • Globally, one in nine people in the world today (795 million) are undernourished
  • The vast majority of the world’s hungry people live in developing countries, where 12.9 per cent of the population is undernourished.
  • Asia is the continent with the most hungry people – two thirds of the total. The percentage in southern Asia has fallen in recent years but in western Asia it has increased slightly.
  • Southern Asia faces the greatest hunger burden, with about 281 million undernourished people. In sub-Saharan Africa, projections for the 2014-2016 period indicate a rate of undernourishment of almost 23 per cent.
  • Poor nutrition causes nearly half (45 per cent) of deaths in children under five – 3.1 million children each year.
  • One in four of the world’s children suffer stunted growth. In developing countries the proportion can rise to one in three.
  • 66 million primary school-age children attend classes hungry across the developing world, with 23 million in Africa alone.
Food security
  • Agriculture is the single largest employer in the world, providing livelihoods for 40 per cent of today’s global population. It is the largest source of income and jobs for poor rural households.
  • 500 million small farms worldwide, most still rainfed, provide up to 80 per cent of food consumed in a large part of the developing world. Investing in smallholder women and men is an important way to increase food security and nutrition for the poorest, as well as food production for local and global markets.
  • Since the 1900s, some 75 per cent of crop diversity has been lost from farmers’ fields. Better use of agricultural biodiversity can contribute to more nutritious diets, enhanced livelihoods for farming communities and more resilient and sustainable farming systems.
  • If women farmers had the same access to resources as men, the number of hungry in the world could be reduced by up to 150 million.
  • 1.4 billion people have no access to electricity worldwide – most of whom live in rural areas of the developing world. Energy poverty in many regions is a fundamental barrier to reducing hunger and ensuring that the world can produce enough food to meet future demand.
Goal 2 targets
  • By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round
  • By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons
  • By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment
  • By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality
  • By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed
  • Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries
  • Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round
  • Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility

Sustainable Development Goal Number 2: Zero Hunger

This week (08 – 14 January 2018), our focus is on Goal number 2 of the #sustainabledevelopmentgoals which targets to end hunger and ensure access by the poor and people in vulnerable situations in particular, with emphasis on infants to safe nutritious and sufficient food all year round.

Here’s how we’ll do it:

Every day too many men and women across the globe struggle to feed their children a nutritious meal. In a world where we produce enough food to feed everyone, 815 million people – one in nine – still go to bed on an empty stomach each night. Even more – one in three – suffer from some form of malnutrition. Eradicating hunger and malnutrition is one of the great challenges of our time. Not only do the consequences of not enough – or the wrong – food cause suffering and poor health, they also slow progress in many other areas of development like education and employment.

In 2015 the global community adopted the 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development to improve people’s lives by 2030. Goal 2 – Zero Hunger – pledges to end hunger, achieve food security, improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture, and is the priority of the World Food Programme.

Every day, WFP and its partners work to bring us closer to a zero hunger world. With our humanitarian food assistance, we provide nutritious food to those in urgent need. Meanwhile our complementary programmes address the root causes of hunger, building the resilience of communities, so we don’t need to keep saving the same lives each year.

The world has made great progress in reducing hunger: There are 216 million fewer hungry people than in 1990-92, despite a 1.9 billion increase in the world’s population. But there is still a long way to go, and no one organization can achieve Zero Hunger if it works alone. If we want to see a world free of hunger by 2030, governments, citizens, civil society organizations and the private sector must collaborate to invest, innovate and create lasting solutions.

Did you know that about 800 million people in the world are chronically undernourished & might not know from where their next meal is going to come? The food and agriculture sector offers key solutions for development, and is central for hunger and poverty eradication. Learn about Goal 2 of the #sustainabledevelopmentgoals & what it aims to achieve by 2030 :

More children die of undernutrition than of AIDS, malaria & tuberculosis combined. Stay on top of the facts

Education = one step closer to ending hunger. WFP school meals are changing lives around the world →…

Sustainable Development Goal 1: No Poverty

Happy New Year, everyone!

In 2018, we’ll highlight one of the #sustainabledevelopmentgoals each week.

We are happy to kick-off with Sustainable Development Goal Number 1: No Poverty

No automatic alt text available.Do you know that 1 in 5 people in developing countries lives on less than $1.90 per day? We can #EndPoverty.

Goal 1 of the #sustainabledevelopmentgoals includes targets to build the resilience of the poor and reduce their exposure to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.

Here’s how we’ll do it: